Friday, May 12, 2017

Thoughts Of Mahatma Gandhi


Deal with your enemy in such a way that you can become friends.

"You must deal with your enemy so that one day he may be your friend...."  Included in a passage by Shri Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. Published in The Speaking Tree, Mumbai dated May 14, 2017, page 4.

    Prof Narayana Rao beside the Gandhi Status in Geneva, Switzerland

"It is health that is real wealth and not
pieces of gold and silver."
- Mahatma Gandhi
(via @quotme)

____________________ ____________________

A 5 hours. 10 minutes.  Documentary covers almost all events and principles of Gandhi's life and thought are viewed as integrated parts of his truth-intoxicated life depicting permanent and universal values.  

Quotations used in advertisements 2012

"The shape of the world would indeed be transformed if all of us lived in a spirit of love and amity with one another."

"India can't prosper if rural India lags behind, and I think rural electrification is the first step towards this."

"I would make the spinning wheel the foundation on which to build a sound village life and I would make the wheel the centre around which all other activities will revolve."


If you love peace
"If you love peace, then hate injustice, hate tyranny, hate greed, but hate these things in yourself, not in another."
Labor of a man
The divine law, that man must earn his bread by laboring with his own hands, was first stressed by a Russian writer named T.M.Bondaref. Tolstoy advertised it and gave it wide publicity. In my view the same principle has been set forth in the third chapter of the Gita, where we are told, that he who eats without offering sacrifice eats stolen food. Sacrifice here can only mean bread labor.(Gandhi exhorts every body to put in efforts to create useful articles first and then consume what he needs out of it).
In  From Yeravda Mandir, Chap IX. Navjivan Publishing House, 1945
A leader is only first among equals....
Having made our selection we must follow him or the chain is broken and all is loose.
Young India, 8.12.1921
Discipline and Freedom
The highest form of freedom carries with it the greatest measure of discipline and humility. Freedom that comes from discipline and humility cannot be denied, unbridled license is a sign of vulgarity alike to self and one's neighbors.
Young India, 3.6.1926
Congress Ministers
If the Congress wants to continue as a people's organization, the Ministers cannot live as sahib log nor use for private work facilities provided by Government for official duties.
Harijan, 29.9.1946
Caste System of Hindus
Today Brahmanas, and Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras are mere labels. There is utter confusion of Varna as I understand it and I wish that all the Hindus will voluntarily call themselves Shudras. That is the only way to demonstrate the truth of Brahmanism and to revive Varnadharma in its true state.
Harijan, 25.3.1933
The real property that  a parent can transmit to all equally is his or her character and educational facilities.... Parents should seek to make their sons and daughters self-reliant, well able to earn an honest livelihood by the sweat of the brow.
Young India, 29.10.1931
Our Potential Contribution to World's Problems 
 "The difference between what we are doing and what we are capable of doing would solve most of the world's problems "-

Gandhi's Thoughts
T-Series Video


More Thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi
Soldier in arms is trained to kill. Even his dreams are about killing
Ahimsa is the highest ideal. It is meant for the brave, never for the cowardly
The platform of service is as big as the world. It is never overcrowded.
Man believes and dies.
The morality consists not in following the beaten track, but in finding out the true path for ourselves and in fearless following.
If by strength is meant moral power, the woman is immeasurably man's superior
It has always been a mystery to me how men can feel themselves honored by their humiliation of their fellow beings.
I have never in my life regarded any one as my servant, but as a brother and sister.
The truest test of civilization, culture and dignity is character and not clothing
Non-violence does not signify that man must not fight against the enemy , and by enemy is meant the evil which men do, not the human beings themselves
Fear of disease killed more than disease itself
Patriotism is not enough, I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone
Take away the idea of perfection, and you take away enthusiasm
When you have a good cause, never descend to personalities
I must not serve distant neighbors at the expense of the nearest
The essence of education lies in drawing out  the very best that is in you
Prayer is not an old woman's idle amusement. Properly understood and applied, it is the most potent instrument of action.
To believe in something and not to live it, is dishonest

The moment there is suspicion about a person's motives, everything he does becomes tainted

The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong

Contributed by  Ramam DSS

 Mahatma Gandhi in Hind Swaraj or Indian Home Rule

First Edition 1938, Twentieth Reprint, November 2008 (10,000 copies), Navjivan Publishing House, Ahmedabad.
"It is a bad habit to say that another man's thoughts are bad and ours only are good and that those holding different views from ours are the enemies of the country"

"The seed in never seen. It works underneath the ground, is itself destroyed,and the tree which rises above the ground is alone seen."
"The English have not taken India. We have given it to them. They are not in India because of their strength, but because we keep them."
"Humdug there undoubtedly is about all religions. Where there is light, there is also shadow."
"India cannot cease to be one nation because people belonging to different religions live in it. The introduction of foreigners does not necessarily destroy the nation, they merge in it. A country is one nation only when such a condition obtains in it."
"God set a limit to a man's locomotive ambition in the construction of his body. Man immediately proceeded to discover means of overriding the limit. God gifted man with intellect that he might know his Maker. Man abused it so that he might forget his Maker."
On Globalization
 "I am so constructed that I can only serve my immediate neighbours, but in my conceit I pretend to have discovered that I must with my body serve every individual in the Universe. In thus attempting the impossible, man comes into contact with different natures, different religions, and is utterly confounded."
A series of knols on Mahatma Gandhi's thoughts on various issues are being developed by me.
There are news items all around that copy right of various parties on books and articles written by Mahatma Gandhi have expired and people can print books written by Gandhi without paying royalty to anybody. Hope this will help in spreading Gandhiji's message to more people if some interested parties can come forward and print books at lower costs. But certainly they can be published on the net and made accesible to large number of people.
All knols on Gandhiji's thoughts will be open collaboration knols so that visitors can add relevant thoughts and also write their comments on Gandhian philosophy.

Directory - List of Knols - Thoughts Of Mahatma Gandhi

Mahatma Gandhi on Industrialisation
Mahatma Gandhi on Indian Tradition
Mahatma Gandhi on Wages to Workmen
Mahatma Gandhi on Embracing Poverty Voluntarily
Mahatma Gandhi on Alcohol
Mahatma Gandhi on Wisdom
Mahatma Gandhi on Teachers
Mahatma Gandhi on Villages
Mahatma Gandhi on Business and Ethics
Mahatma Gandhi on Brahmacharya
Mahatma Gandhi on Avatars (Incarnations) of God

About Gandhian thinking by Krishan Saigal

For Gandhi, human existence was chacterized by two fundamental features. First each individual was uniquely constituted and had a right to live by the truth as he saw it. Second, all men were one; what united them was far more important than what divided them and there were no differences that could not be resolved or lived with in the spirit of charity and goodwill. Since  both unity and difference, harmony and disagreement, were the necessary features of human existence, Gandhi argued that every human association must fully acknowledge and find ways of reconciling them. 

Web Pages Related to Gandhian Thought
Mahatma Gandhi - Videos
More videos
Mahatma Gandhi - Videos

Gandhi's Dream for Villages of India

A cow in every house
provided with plentiful green grass

carpenters, tailors

potters and shoppers

business every where

with plenty to share

A doctor to look after

Good leader to administer

A teacher for children to grow

A bank for wealth to flow

Gandhi's dream

For me, it is supreme

by Narayana Rao, Vamsi, Priyanka

Original Knol Number 909
Coauthors contributed on Knol - D.S.S. Ramam and P.V. Ariel


More Quotations from Gandhi
• I have nothing to teach the world. Truth and non-violence are as old the hills
• Non-cooperation with evil is a sacred duty
• I do not seek kingdom, I do not seek heaven, I do not seek moksha. I pray that the suffering humanity be relieved from pain
• If untouchability lives, Hinduism perishes, and even India perishes
• Knowledge without character is a power for evil only as seen in the instances of so many talented thieves • English is so beautiful that no other language can stand comparable to it
• The king was wearing enough for both of us – M.K.Gandhi when asked why he did not wear a suit to meet the king
• Our temple is in our hearts. A temple constructed of a few stones has no meaning
• A man is but a product of his thoughts; what he thinks that he becomes • The outward behavior of a man is at once the sign and proof of the inner state
• Action expresses priorities
• Truth and non-violence are my God
• The only real dignified human doctrine is the greatest good of all, and this can only be achieved by utmost self-sacrifice
• Every village has to become a self-sufficient republic
• India can win over conquerors culturally, traditionally, spiritually but never politically
• My writing should be cremated with my body. What I have done will endure, not what I have said and written
• He who wants to please all will please none
• Humility is the key to guide success
• No matter how weak a person is in body, if it is a shame to flee, he will stand his ground and die at his post. This would be non-violence and bravery

Contributed By D.S.S. Ramam

Updated 14 May 2017, 2 October 2014,  29 August 2014, 2 October 2012

Sunday, May 7, 2017

President of India Election 2017 - News

The 13th and current President is Pranab Mukherjee, who was elected on 22 July 2012, and sworn in on 25 July 2012.

Draupadi Murmu is mentioned as a possible candidate from BJP

IIM Calcutta MBA in Agriculture

Ankita Kumawat joins her father in organic farming and dairy farming. She is introducing modern farming into the activity.

Bahubali 2 Success - Rs. 1000 crore Collection - Make in India Mission

Bahubali success is lauded by Cabinet Minister M. Venkaiah Naidu as the success of Make in India Mission. Things can be done in India with Indian knowledge and effort for success in India and abroad. Bahubali symbolizes it according to him. He naturally gives a call to many more entrepreneurs to believe in themselves and other Indians to make ventures successful.

Monday, May 1, 2017

Reliance Jio - Marketing and Selling Strategies in Hindi

रिलायंस जिओ

April 2017

रिलायंस जियो अगले 18 महीनों तक देता रहेगा बंपर ऑफर !
रिलायंस जियो अगले 18 महीनों तक देता रहेगा बंपर ऑफर !
जियो ने 2020-2021 तक टेलीकॉम इंडस्ट्री का आधा रेवेन्यू मार्केट शेयर हासिल करने का टारगेट किया था| इसके लिए  रिलायंस जियो अगले 18 महीनों तक देता रहेगा बंपर ऑफर !

रिलायंस जियो की मार्च में ऐवरेज 4G डाउनलोड स्पीड 16.48 mbps की रही, जो इसकी राइवल्स भारती एयरटेल और आइडिया सेल्युलर से लगभग दोगुनी है।

Reliance JIO - Marketing, Selling and Pricing Strategies

April 2017

Reliance Jio reached its customer acquisition target in the first six months of its commercial operations. How did it do it?

Jio acquired more than 100 million users within 170 days of its launch on September 5. By March end 2017,  the company has 108.9 million users.

Jio’s net loss for financial year ended March 2017 is  Rs 31.37 crore compared to Rs 15.71 crore a year earlier. Total income in the year was  Rs 1.22 crore (Rs 3.15 crore earlier year).

The company’s net worth was Rs 70,864 crore at the end of March 2017 ( Rs 37,236 crore end of March 2016).

Jio plans to add 100,000 telecom towers to the more than 100,000 towers it already has set up. Capital expenditure was Rs 18,000 crore in the January-March 2017 quarter and is expected to be around the same figure in in the April-June 2017 period.  Jio had set a target of capturing around half of the industry revenue market share by 2020-2021.

No end to data wars: Reliance Jio free offers to continue for 12-18 months
April 26, 2017

Reliance Jio set to sustain price war for 12-18 months
Reliance Jio Infocomm is expected to pursue its pricing strategy of sharp discounts and complimentary services for the next 12-18 months
April 26, 2017

Reliance Plans To Spend $2.8 Billion On Jio This Quarter
Reliance Industries' investment in the Jio is currently more than $30 billion.
April 24, 2017

October 2016

Mukesh Ambani on Reliance Jio and Industrial Revolution 4.0


September 2016

Reliance Jio's Business Model: How Will Jio Make Money With Its 'Crazy' Plans?
05 September 2016

August 2016
Poser over long-term yield of Jio's strategy
August 31, 2016

June 2016

Jun 27 2016
Reliance’s game plan for Jio
Reliance Jio’s plan is to sign up 100 million users in one year before commercial launch.
(1 May 2017: We can see Reliance Jio succeeded in plan of signing 100 million users)

November 2015
Reliance Jio plans digital content strategy to take on peers
NOV 23, 2015

Land Revenue System Maharashtra

Agricultural Land

Agricultural:-  "agriculture" includes horticulture, poultry farming, the rising of crops, fruits, vegetables, flowers, grass or trees of any kind, breeding of livestock including cattle, horses, donkeys, mules, pigs, breeding of fish and keeping of bees, the use of land for grazing, cattle and for any purpose which is ancillary to its cultivation or other agricultural purpose.
Classification of agricultural lands as per its use for cultivation:-

1         Warkas land
2         Jirayat land (Dry crop)
3         Bagayat or irrigated land
4         Rice land

1         The ‘warkas’ land is the land of the poor productivity. This land is used by the farmer during the monsoon to grow ‘low-grade’ millets such as nachani and warai. Its cultivation involved burning of the vegetation on the land, (rab manure) preparing the soil with a pick and sowing by hand.
2         Jirayat land is the land where cultivation is depends upon annual rainfall. The jirayat land is used for seasonal crops, kharif and rabi. The agricultural sessions of kharif crops starts from June and agricultural sessions of rabi crops are starts from September-October.
3         Bagayat or irrigated land:-.Cultivation of these lands is mainly dependent upon sources of water other than rain. Sources of water can be well, bandharas and supply from Government’s irrigation department.
4          Rice land:-In coastal and heavy rainfall area where main crop is rice, lands are classified into to two categories namely; rice land and warkas land.

Improvements for the Better Cultivation of the Land:-

"Improvement" in relation to land means any work which adds materially to the value of the land. The works which makes improvement in the land are

a)       the construction of tanks, wells, water channels, embankments and other works for storage, supply or distribution of water for agricultural purposes;
b)       the construction of works for the drainage of land or for the protection of land from floods, or from erosion or other damage from water;
c)       the planting of trees and the reclaiming, clearing, enclosing, leveling or terracing of land;
d)       the erection of buildings on or in the vicinity of the holding, elsewhere than in the gaothan required for the convenient or profitable use or occupation of the holdings ; and
e)       the renewal or reconstruction of any of the foregoing works, or alternations therein or additions there to;

However the below mentioned works are not “improvements.”
                                 i.            Temporary wells and such water-channels, embankments, leveling, enclosures or  other works, or petty alterations in or repairs to such works, as are commonly made by cultivators of the locality in the ordinary course of agriculture; or
                               ii.            any work which substantially diminishes the value of any land wherever situated, in the occupation of any other person, whether as occupant or tenant;

[Received the assent of the President on the 22nd day of December 1966;
assent first published in the Maharashtra Government Gazette, Part IV.
on the 30th day of December 1966.]

39.Occupant to pay land revenue and Government lessee to pay rent fixed.

Every occupant shall pay as land revenue the assessment fixed under the provisions of this Code
and rules made thereunder; and every Government lessee shall pay as land revenue lease
money fixed under the terms of the lease.