Monday, November 27, 2017

The Bhagavad Gita - Summaries of Chapter

I am writing on Vedas. I am also trying to create lessons to learn Sanskrit. Within this context, reading the Bhagavad Gita is appropriate. I started reading Gita today and I am starting this knol to record my understanding of each chapter. The initial versions is that of  Sri A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada. It is appropriate that I use his english version, as I am using the telugu detailed version of Swamiji for my reading now. The material will keep changing as I add my interpretation. I plan to write detailed summary of every chapter in due course of time.
Lord Krishna is the avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu. Wherever, Krishna is mentioned, it is to be interpreted as Lord Vishnu. Vedas talk of unity in diversity. There is only one supreme Lord but all of us see many divine beings. We cannot see all of them at once. There is a difference in their messages.  The spiritual quest is to see that one great person through this diversity around us.
Chapter One:  Arjuna's Reactions on the Battle field.

In the battle field, at the start of the battle of the first day, Arjuna sees his intimate relatives, teachers and friends in both armies ready to fight and sacrifice their lives. he is overcome by grief and pity, his mind becomes bewildered, and he gives up his determination to fight and tells Krishna that he is not interested in fighting.
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 Videos of Jyotirveda2

Chapter 1 - Part 1 - Gita - Sanskrit - Moolam

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Chapter 2
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Chapter Two:  Krishna Starts his Answer
In the first chapter, Arjuna submits to Lord Krishna as His disciple and tells him to show him the way from his predicament.  Krishna begins His teachings to Arjuna by explaining the fundamental distinction between the temporary material body and the eternal spiritual soul. The Lord explains the process of eternal soul leaving and entering physical bodies. He also talks of duties of a person on the earth. He tells Arjuna that action has to be done, but the result may not come as expected. A man must not blame himself for the lack of result, if the effort was done properly. A person who understand this will keep on serving the world and through this Lord of this world. This is the nature of selfless service to the Supreme and it is the characteristic of a self-realized person. A person ever-ready to serve the society but does not feel dejected when things do not go expected.

Chapter Three:  Karma-yoga.

Everyone must engage in some sort of activity in this material world. No body can sit idle in world. The basic nature of a human will not allow him to sit idle.
 But actions can either bind one to this world or liberate one from it.
At some stage in life, a person has to go beyond the desires of his sense organs and be ready to leave this world peacefully. Once a person attains this state, he is liberated. By acting for the pleasure of the Supreme, without selfish motives, one can be liberated from the law of karma (action and reaction) and attain transcendental knowledge of the self and the Supreme. The pleasure of supreme is the pleasure of people of the world. Service to people is service to God.

Chapter Four:  Transcendental knowledge.

Transcendental knowledge - the spiritual knowledge of the soul, of God, and of their relationship - is both purifying and liberating. Such knowledge is the fruit of selfless devotional action (karma-yoga). The Lord explains the remote history of the Gita, the purpose and significance of His periodic descents to the material world, and the necessity of approaching a guru, a realized teacher. Why a guru is required. A guru is a role model. A guru achieved it. He helps the disciple to achieve it.

Chapter Five:  Karma-yoga - Action in Krishna Consciousness.

Outwardly performing all actions but inwardly renouncing their fruits, the wise man, purified by the fire of transcendental knowledge, attains peace, detachment, forbearance, spiritual vision and bliss. INward renouncing of the fruit is equivalent to going beyond desire. The fruits are not any more for him alone. The fruits are for others if the effort succeeds due to the support from Lord.

Chapter Six:  Dhyana-yoga.

Ashtanga-yoga, a mechanical meditative practice, controls the mind and senses and focuses concentration on Paramatma (the Supersoul, the form of the Lord situated in the heart). This practice culminates in samadhi, full consciousness of the Supreme.

Chapter Seven:  Knowledge of the Absolute.

Lord Krishna or Lord Vishnu is the Supreme Truth, the supreme cause and sustaining force of everything, both material and spiritual. Advanced souls surrender unto Him in devotion, whereas impious souls divert their minds to other objects of worship as well as pleasing of sense organs without a limit.

Chapter Eight:  Attaining the Supreme.

By remembering Lord Krishna in devotion throughout one's life, and especially at the time of death, one can attain to His supreme abode, beyond the material world. Remembering at the time of death means accepting the death with happiness. Only a person who has done his required duties can die peacefully.

Chapter Nine:  The most confidential knowledge.

Lord Krishna is the Supreme Godhead and the supreme object of worship. The soul is eternally related to Him through transcendental devotional service (bhakti). By reviving one's pure devotion one returns to Krishna in the spiritual realm.

Chapter Ten:  The Opulence of the Absolute - The Splendor.

All wondrous phenomena showing power, beauty, grandeur or sublimity, either in the material world or in the spiritual, are but partial manifestations of Krishna's divine energies and opulence. As the supreme cause of all causes and the support and essence of everything, Krishna is the supreme object of worship for all beings.

Chapter Eleven:  The Universal Form (Viswa Roopa Darshanam).

Lord Krishna grants Arjuna divine vision and reveals His spectacular unlimited form as the cosmic universe. Thus He conclusively establishes His divinity. Krishna explains that His own all-beautiful humanlike form is the original form of Godhead. One can perceive this form only by pure devotional service.

Chapter Twelve:  Devotional Service (Bhakti-yoga).

Bhakti-yoga, pure devotional service to Lord Krishna, is the highest and most expedient means for attaining pure love for Krishna, which is the highest end of spiritual existence. Those who follow this supreme path develop divine qualities. Bhakti-yoga involves listening to the Lord all the time. Hanuman is the ideal for Bhakti Yoga.

Chapter Thirteen:  Nature, the Enjoyer and Consciousness.

One who understands the difference between the body, the soul and the Supersoul beyond them both attains liberation from this material world.

Chapter Fourteen:  The Three Modes of Material Nature.

All embodied souls are under the control of the three modes, or qualities, of material nature: goodness (Sattva), passion  (Rajas) and ignorance (Tamas). Lord Krishna explains what these modes are, how they act upon us, how one transcends them, and the symptoms of one who has attained the transcendental state.

Chapter Fifteen:  The Yoga of the Supreme Person.

The ultimate purpose of Vedic knowledge is to detach oneself from the entanglement of the material world and to understand Lord Krishna as the Supreme Personality of Godhead. One who understands Krishna's supreme identity surrenders unto Him and engages in His devotional service.

Chapter Sixteen:  The Divine and Demoniac Natures.

Those who possess demoniac qualities and who live whimsically, without following the regulations of scripture, attain lower births and further material bondage. But those who possess divine qualities and live regulated lives, abiding by scriptural authority, gradually attain spiritual perfection. Demons trouble the society by not following its mores and morals.

Chapter Seventeen:  The Divisions of Faith.

There are three types of faith, corresponding to and evolving from the three modes of material nature.  Acts performed by those whose faith is in passion and ignorance yield only impermanent, material results, whereas acts performed in goodness, in accord with scriptural injunctions, purify the heart and lead to pure faith in Lord Krishna and devotion to Him. Such pure people like Sankaracharya, Ramanujacharya etc. are remembered for ages and they stay with the Lord for ages.

Chapter Eighteen:  Conclusion - The Perfection of Renunciation.

Krishna explains the meaning of renunciation and the effects of the modes of nature on human consciousness and activity. He explains Brahman realization, the glories of the Bhagavad-gita, and the ultimate conclusion of the Gita: the highest path of religion is absolute, unconditional loving surrender unto Lord Krishna. This will prevent one from committing any sin, brings one to complete enlightenment, and enables one to return to Lord's eternal spiritual abode.
Source for Swamiji's Summaries
http://www.bhagavad-gita.us/articles/661/1/Chapter-Summaries-of-the-Bhagavad-Gita/Page1.html


Updated 29 November 2017, Gita Jayanti Day, Margashirsha bahula ekadashi
First started on 25 January 2012

10 Trillion Dollars GDP for India - A Target for 2030 - Many Economists and Business Experts Support It.



November 2017

India has potential to be $10 trillion economy: McKinsey MD Dominic Barton
By Vinod Mahanta, ET Bureau|Updated: Nov 26, 2017,
https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/opinion/interviews/india-has-potential-to-be-10-trillion-economy-mckinsey-md-dominic-barton/articleshow/61811078.cms


22 April 2016

India would become $10 Trillion economy by 2032

On 21 April 2016, Niti Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said India would become a $10 trillion economy by 2032. Kant made the projection assuming that growth would average 10% over the 16-year period. The presentation was made during Civil Services Day function attended by Prime Minister Narendra Modi and large number of civil servants. Mr,. Kant also said, a average growth rate of ten per cent during the next 16 years.

China is the only country that has managed to grow at over 8% consistently over three decades. Its growth rate averaged 10% from 1982 to 2012. Can we do it? Think.
http://www.businesstoday.in/current/economy-politics/10percent-gdp-to-make-india-usd-10-trillion-economy-end-poverty-by-2032/story/231312.html would also help in creation of 175 millions jobs by 2032.

http://smartinvestor.business-standard.com/market/Marketnews-379758-Marketnewsdet-Making_India_poverty_free_Did_the_Government_underestimate_GDP_growth.htm#.VxoCG9R96ig



http://tmgt.lsrj.in/SeminarPdf/53.pdf




28 December 2015
Bloomberg says India will reach 6.6 billion dollars by 2030. See the link below.

https://mobile.twitter.com/business/status/681271032129392646/photo/1


http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-04-10/the-world-s-20-largest-economies-in-2030

31st July

ITC Limited 104th Annual General Meeting - Address by Chairman Y.C. Deveshwar

It is aspiration of ITC to achieve, at the very least, a revenue of Rs.1,00,000 crores from new FMCG Businesses by 2030. The present turnover is Rs. 11,000 crores.


23 July 2015

India Can Be A $10-trillion Economy

http://businessworld.in/article/India-Can-Be-A-10-trillion-Economy/22-07-2015-83896/

16 January 2015

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's $20 Trillion GDP Vision for India


Prime Minister Narendra Modi said  in is his speech:  "Let us Dream 20 Trillion Dollars GDP for India." Yes, He can create the vision for a $20 Trillion GDP India.


Already many experts have come out with $10 Trillion India. Let us achieve this intermediate target first by 2030 and then aim for the next. No rest till we are declared the best.


Yes, India can aim for $10 Trillion - Support from Gary Hamel, Strategy Guru
Vineer Nayar, Former CEO, HCL Technologies supporting the target and bringing leading consultants from the Globe to convince Indian Businessmen to create appropriate visions for their organizations.

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ET Now upload

24 November 2014
PWC Report on India - Future of India - Winning Leap
Scenario 3: The Winning Leap includes investment in both human and physical capital as per the previous two scenarios but also focuses on investment in R&D and innovation and envisions a 9.0% CAGR for GDP by 2034. This scenario forecasts the most aggressive growth and is the only scenario which will generate the 240 million new jobs India's growing demography needs. This is supported by a massive transformation in the investment outlook and productivity metrics in India, supported through significant investments (domestic and foreign) and research and development.
http://press.pwc.com/global/the-future-of-india/s/3de54e52-d24c-49b4-bd8d-7cc5705bd5e6

Development of R&D Important for $10 Trillion GDP
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Business world

Video - NDTV
http://profit.ndtv.com/videos/news/video-india-to-be-10-trillion-economy-by-2034-346133

February 2014
Finance Minister Chidambaram announced that India will be the third largest economy in the world by 2043. Can it be achieved by Modiji much before?
Policies to make India the third largest economy - Shri Chidambaram
http://guide-india.blogspot.in/2014/12/india-to-be-third-largest-economy-in.html



2010
National Solar Mission
Objective: to make India a global leader in solar energy and envisages an installed solar generation
capacity of 20,000 MW by 2020, of 1,00,000 MW by 2030 and of 2,00,000 MW by 2050.
Was it already revised by Modi Government?


Updated   2017 - 28 November,  2016 - 22 Apr 2016
Updated  2015 -   15 August, 12 April,  23 Feb 2015

Sunday, November 26, 2017

Bhagavadgita - Explanation - Hindi - English



Being uploaded by Bhaktisongs, Shemaroo

Episode 4
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Episode 7
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Episode 8
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Episode 11
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Episode 12
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Chapter 1

https://gitajourney.com/2011/08/


Shlokas of Chapter 2

https://gitajourney.com/2011/11/

Explanation of Saankhyam



https://gitajourney.com/category/saankhyam/

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=gwEIBgAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false


scribd.com has Saankhyam in Telugu

http://www.ramanuja.org/sv/bhakti/archives/aug99/0065.html


Updated on 27 November 2017, 25 June 2014

Mahatma Gandhi - Hindi Essays


राष्‍ट्रपिता महात्‍मा गांधी

मोहनदास करमचन्द गाँधी का जन्म 2 अक्टूबर 1869 को गुजरात  पोरबंदर में हुअ।  पिता राजकोट के दीवान थे। मोहनदास गाँधी मैट्रिक  करने के बाद इंग्लॅण्ड गए और वहां उन्होंने न्यायशास्त्र  अध्ययन किया। गांधी बैरिस्टर बनकर भारत  आए और मुम्बई  में अधिवक्ता के  रूप में काम  करने लगा।


राष्‍ट्रपिता महात्‍मा गांधी
Web Dunia Article

महात्‍मा गांधी  - Bharat Discovery Article


अहिंसा और सत्य के पुजारी महात्मा गांधी

महात्‍मा गांधी की स्मृति में

महात्मा गांधी

गांधीजी की जीवनी
http://www.hindi.mkgandhi.org/bio5000/bio_5000.htm

Chapters 10 chapters are there
प्रस्तावना
जन्म और प्रारंभिक शिक्षा


राष्‍ट्रपिता महात्‍मा गांधी - सुभाष चन्द्र बोस

4 जून 1944 को सुभाष चन्द्र बोस ने सिंगापुर रेडियो से एक संदेश प्रसारित करते हुये महात्मा गांधी को ‘देश का पिता’ कहकर संबोधित किया।
पुनः 6 जुलाई 1944 को सुभाष चन्द्र बोस ने रेडियो सिंगापुर रेडियो से एक संदेश प्रसारित करते हुये महात्मा गांधी को ‘राष्ट्रपिता’ कहकर संबोधित किया।

Bharat Discovery Org Article

https://navbharattimes.indiatimes.com/india/mahatma-gandhis-father-of-the-nation-title-unconstitutional-mha/articleshow/16958974.cms



http://www.hindi.mkgandhi.org/index.html


गांधीजी के साथ जुड़े हुए मुंबई के जगे
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TV9 Marathi upload


More Hindi Essays -


Updated 27 November 2017, 2 October 2014

Dharma Sansad - Vedic Way - India Issues - Discussions and Resolutions



Dharma Sansad 2017 - Final Day - 26 November 2917 - News

The sculptor of Indian Constitution B R Ambedkar said only through guidance of saints in Hindu society, untouchability can be eradicated. Now the saints come forward in full force.
http://www.newindianexpress.com/states/karnataka/2017/nov/27/dharma-sansad-ends-with-calls-to-protect-preserve-hindu-society-1712029.html


Speech of Shri Mohan  Bhagawat at Dharma Sansad - Important Points

http://www.rediff.com/news/report/rss-chief-pitches-for-ram-temple-at-disputed-site-in-ayodhya/20171124.htm



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Times Now




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Dharma Sansad 12
Dharma Sansad 2017


Core issues for discussion

Building a nation where there will be no untouchability,
Protection of cattle resources,
Legislation banning cow slaughter,
Building of Ram Mandir at Ram Janmabhoomi,
Liberating Hindu temples from the clutches of governments



Press Release 24 November 2017
http://vhp.org/press-release/udupi-dharmasansad-2017/


'धर्म संसद' में मोहन भागवत ने कहा, अयोध्या में राम मंदिर के अनुकूल परिस्थितियां
https://khabar.ndtv.com/news/india/mohan-bhagwat-said-in-dharma-sansad-conditions-favorable-to-ram-temple-in-ayodhya-1779597

http://www.deccanchronicle.com/nation/politics/241117/bengaluru-dharma-sansad-from-today.html


2005 - 06

Dharma Sansad  11
Resolutions passed

http://vhp.org/conferences/dharmasansads/dharma-sansad-11/


Updated 27 November 2017, 24 November 2017

Saturday, November 25, 2017

Smart/Intelligent Agriculture in India




Agritech Summit in Visakhapatnam in November 2017
Bill Gates attended.




Creative Agri Solutions (CASPL)



Introduction

CASPL was formed to play a catalyzing role in the ongoing agricultural revolution from traditional to modern farming practices with emphasis on issues of inclusiveness and sustainability.

India is in the midst of an agricultural revolution whereby modern farming systems meeting international quality norms are emerging alongside traditional agricultural systems. Many new concepts of agriculture are emerging – warehouse receipts, cold chains, logistics, multi-commodity exchanges, rural business hubs, GLOBALGAP/organic certification, agriculture and food parks etc.

In the emerging agricultural situation, farmers have multiple options for sale of agricultural commodities along with traditional markets, which were earlier not available – sale to processors and retailers, commodity exchanges, export markets etc.

Many agribusinesses have invested in modern farming systems to meet quality requirements for agricultural exports, processing, marketing and retailing.

Farmers’ benefit from modern farming systems characterized by better co-ordination of farm activities - access to quality inputs, information about modern production techniques, harvesting and post harvest management, processing and marketing.

Recognizing the benefits of improved farming systems for quality of produce and productivity along with implications for farm incomes, government sector, donor agencies and NGO's are partnering to engage in upgrading traditional agricultural systems through innovative approaches of multi-party projects.

Many creative efforts will be required to ensure that the revolution is inclusive and does not bypass small and marginal farmers.

CASPL will contribute to these endeavors by providing technical support, network, resources combined with out of the box thinking to identify successful practices and models on the ground


http://creativeagrisolutions.com/

Services Offered

Addressing Issues in Field Crop Production

Increase productivity by enhancing access to quality inputs - seeds, fertilizers and pesticides.
Provide information regarding modern techniques of farmingusing new methods of information technology – computer, mobile interface etc.
Strengthen marketing practices/systems.
Use of information technology for market information.
Analytical support to policy issues - Minimum Support Price, Public Distribution systems, food security issues.
Horticultural Produce
Traditional Marketing of Horticultural Produce
Horticultural Crops – strengthening traditional and modern value chains
Enhance production/ productivity by ensuring access to quality inputs and production technology.
Provide information regarding selection of varieties and modern package of practices.
Efficient practices Post Harvest Management for minimizing losses – including practices for harvesting, packaging and transport.
Explore options for developing infrastructure for post harvest management and processing.
Provide marketing information and developing linkages with buyers/processors.
Develop modern value chains and upgrade traditional value chains to meet the requirements for processing, exports and organized retailing through supermarkets.
Cluster development for specific regions/crops.
Modernizing infrastructure of whole sale markets.
Use of modern ICT for enhancing information flow through the chain.





Support to Organic Farming Sector

Recognizing the role of women in organic farming.
Opportunities for inclusion of small, poor and marginal farmers.
Development of sustainable supply chain.
Supporting certification of organic produce including grower group certification.
Supporting the harmonization of regulatory framework to facilitate trade of organic products.


Strengthen Dairy farming – Small scale and Large Scale Operations

Support to small scale dairy farming.
Enhance access to veterinary services.
Providing extension information regarding management of dairy animals.
Provide support and necessary inputs for breed development.
Develop linkages for access to finance for purchase of dairy animals.
Strengthen milk marketing channels by increasing transparency in milk pricing.
Ensure quality of milk.
Support to modern large scale dairy farming operation.
Setting up modern large-scale dairy farms by corporate sector.
Setting up milk collection system including procurement and chilling centers in specified areas to be used for processing.
Developing linkages to finance and veterinary services.
Setting up milk processing units.



Development of Sheep and Goat Sector – Traditional and Commercial

- Traditional sheep and goat farming.

Importance in rural livelihoods.
Access to veterinary services.
Access to extension information.
Breed development.
Ensure quality of meat.
Strengthen marketing channels for sale of animals.
Develop linkages with exports, processing and emerging supermarkets.
Providing input on policy related to small ruminants to compete with emerging commercial sector.
- Modern Commercial Goat Farming.

Technical Support for setting up commercial goat farms.
Ensure quality of meat.
Develop modern value chains for exports, processing and sale to supermarkets.



Semi/Commercial Poultry Farming (Broiler and Layer)
Promotion of semi-commercial broiler farming as a livelihood option.
Opportunity for women to manage semi-commercial or small scale poultry operations.
Availability and accessibility of veterinary services for semi-commercial or small-scale poultry farming.
Success and sustainability of semi-commercial or small scale poultry farming operations.
Fluctuations in price of feed.
Availability of required inputs in rural/interior areas.
Strengthening channels for Marketing of birds/eggs.
Policies/issues related to contract farming in poultry.


Backyard poultry sector

Backyard Poultry in Rural Livelihood
Development of Backyard poultry sector
Importance of backyard poultry in rural livelihoods – linkages with issues is rural incomes, nutrition and women empowerment.
Enhance access to veterinary services, prevention of diseases.
Issues regarding production, distribution and supply of backyard poultry birds.
Provide support to initiatives of government sector, donor agencies and NGOs for development of backyard poultry.

http://creativeagrisolutions.com/areas_of_expertise.htm

CONTACT Creative Agri Solutions

For any query or information, please don't hesitate to contact us :

Contact Us
Creative Agri Solutions
I - 290,
2nd Floor,
Karampura, Moti Nagar
New Delhi - 110015

Tel. No. - 91-11-45679186, 25192749
Fax No. - 91-11-45679186
Email - info@creativeagrisolutions.com


Robert Bosch Engineering and Business Solutions Private Limited


Smart Agriculture


The population of the globe is projected to be 9.6 billion people by 2050. The world is struggling to keep up as crop yields have already levelled off in many parts of the world. Soil, water and other natural resources are stretched to their maximum capacity. 1 in 8 people suffer from chronic hunger and more than 1 million are undernourished. Figuring out how to feed the growing population – while also having advancements in rural development, protecting the natural resources and reducing the gas emissions – is one of the greatest challenge that the world faces.

Governments, Corporations and even farmers need technology experts to use innovation and develop products that are cost effective and increase food production under already stressed eco-system.

With its enviable experience in the new product development domain, Bosch Engineering & Business Solutions delivers agriculture solutions to the agriculture industry (Agri-Input, Farm Mechanization, end-user farmers etc), enabling them to make optimal use of their available resources and further enhance productivity.

Bosch provides agriculture expertise in the areas of Precision Agriculture, Smart Irrigation, Remote Sensing Technology, Drone Applications, and Cold Storage Solution etc. all under the Internet of Things umbrella.

http://www.bosch-india-software.com/en/products_and_solutions/agriculture/agriculture_1.html

Contact Robert Bosch Engineering


Robert Bosch Engineering and Business Solutions Private Limited
123, Industrial Layout
Hosur Road, Koramangala
Bangalore 560 095
Tel : +91 80 6657 5757

Government of India wants suggestions from people on smart farming


https://secure.mygov.in/group-issue/ideas-smart-farming/

Overview:-

The Internet of Things (IoT) can transform the agriculture industry and enable farmers to contend with the enormous challenges they face. The industry must overcome increasing water shortages, limited availability of lands, fertility of lands difficult to manage cost, while meeting the increasing consumption needs of a global population that is expected to grow by 70% by 2050.

Objective:-

New innovative IoT applications will address these issues and help in increasing the quality, quantity, sustainability and cost effectiveness of agricultural production. For example, leverage IoT can be leveraged to allow the farmers to evaluate the soil conditions, moisture level, livestock feed levels density and level of pest control. say if the level of pest control exceeds prescribed range, through sensors alarm and alerts can be generated to warn the farmers to take actions.

The purpose of “Smart Farming” is to increase the quality and quantity of agricultural production by using sensing technology to make farmers more intelligent and more connected.

With the help of this discussion platform we request you to share your valuable inputs on:

• How an individual or an organization may contribute to Smart Farming.
• Experiences and challenges in using technology as a tool in farming.
• Practical/workable solutions for complete imposition of the future of farming- “Smart Farming” using IoT

15 April 2017 - 413 replies are there on the site. You can read all of them.


Smart Agriculture IoT Vertical Kit

Product Code: CH-SAIVK
Brand: Cooking Hacks
This kit enables monitoring of environmental parameters in agriculture, vineyards, greenhouses or golf courses. Soil moisture and temperature, humidity, leaf wetness and atmospheric pressure sensors allow to control the amount of sugar in grapes to enhance wine quality, as well as to control micro-climate conditions to maximize the production of fruits and vegetables in greenhouses.

The three levels of depth of the soil moisture sensor are helpful to reduce waste of water by selective irrigation in dry zones. On the other hand, controlling humidity and temperature levels in hay, straw, etc. can prevent fungus and other microbial contaminants.
https://www.mgsuperlabs.co.in/estore/Smart-Agriculture-IoT-Vertical-Kit


Updated 25 November 2017,  15 April 2017, 11 April 2017

Grassroot Innovations in Andhra - Telugu Villages

Sunday, November 19, 2017

Rani Rudrama Devi





రుద్రమదేవి  కాకతీయుల వంశంలో  వెలిగిన మహారాణి. ఈమె తండ్రి గణపతిదేవునికి పుత్ర సంతానం లేదు. అందువలన రుద్రాంబను తన కుమారుడిలా పెంచుకొని రుద్రదేవుడని నామకరణం చేసాడు. గణపతిదేవుడు  రుద్రమదేవిని నిరవద్యపుర (నిడదవోలు ) ప్రాంతాన్ని పాలిస్తున్న తూర్పు చాళుక్యుడైన వీరభద్రుడికి ఇచ్చి వివాహం చేశాడు.

wikipedia article


About death of Rudram Devi - Inscriptions

https://www.speakingtree.in/allslides/death-mystery-of-rudramadevi/ambadevudus-inscription

Small book on Rudrama Devi
http://www.nbtindia.gov.in/books_detail__9__national-biography__2568__rani-rudrama-devi.nbt


A book passage on Rudrama Devi

Link - Google book

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rudrama_Devi


http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/telangana/controversy-surrounds-the-chapter-on-rudrama-devi/article7581029.ece

London. John Murray: 1874.

THE BOOK  OF SER MARCO POLO, THE VENETIAN,
Concerning the Kingdoms and Marvels of the East.

By COLONEL HENRY YULE, C.B.,
LATE OF THE ROYAL ENGINEERS (BENGAL),

Page 348 - The Kingdom of Motifil   - It is about Motupalli - port town in Guntur district now
https://archive.org/stream/booksermarcopol01pologoog/booksermarcopol01pologoog_djvu.txt


A passage in book about Women in Asia about Rudrama Devi
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=CNi9Jc22OHsC&pg=PA37#v=onepage&q&f=false


About Pratapa Rudra Deva

https://books.google.co.in/books?id=cGd2huLXEVYC&pg=PA9#v=onepage&q&f=false


The History of Andhra Country, 1000 A.D.-1500 A.D.: Without special title

Yashoda Devi
Gyan Publishing House, 1993 - Andhra Pradesh (India) - 528 pages


An encyclopedic study of a crucial period of Andhra history by a highly respected academician and a scholar of high repute. The first volume comprehensively deals with the political history of the subsidiary dynasties in Medieval Andhradesa, tracing their ancestries, fixing their genealogies and chronology.
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=-d9IAvFOUHsC


Film Rudrama Devi - Trailer
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1977 Andhra Pradesh Divi Seema Cyclone Telugu - 19 November





 1977 ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ తుఫాను లేదా దివిసీమ ఉప్పెన  ఆంధ్ర ప్రదేశ్ లోని దివిసీమలో విధ్వంసాన్ని సృష్టించిన అతి భయంకరమైన తుఫాను.

1977, నవంబరు 19న ఈ తుఫాను భారతదేశపు తూర్పు సముద్రతీరాన్ని తాకింది. అధికారికంగా 14,204 మంది మరణించారని ప్రకటించారు.  అనధికారికంగా సుమారు 50,000 మంది ప్రాణాలు కోల్పోయారు.

Wikipedia item


నేను అప్పుడు బొంబే లో ఉన్నాను.  బొంబే లో సినీ తారలు ధన సేకరణ కోసం రోడ్లపై తిరిగారు. ఆంధ్రాలో కూడా సినీ తారలు ధన సేకరణ చేశారు. 

Bharat Mata Mandir - “Jai Bharat Mata, Maiya Jai Bharat Mata”




Bharat Mata Mandir Varanasi: Unique temple where undivided India is worshiped

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The temple was inaugurated by Mahatma Gandhi


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Darshan Of Bharat Mata Mandir - Haridwar
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More details

http://www.varanasi.org.in/bharat-mata-mandir-temple-varanasi


https://bharatmatamandir.in/   a web site on Indian Freedom Struggle


http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-news-india/a-day-in-the-life-of-bharat-mata-mandir-varanasi-idol-chatter/


Aarti Bharat Mata Ki Jagat ki Bhag Vidhata ki


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Jai Bharat Mata
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Jai Jai He Bharat Maa
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Jai Jai Maate Bharat Maa
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Friday, November 10, 2017

Anasuya Sarabhai - 11 November




Anasuya Sarabhai of Sarabhai family was a pioneer of the women’s labour movement in India. She founded the Ahmedabad Textile Labour Association (Majdoor Mahajan Sangh), India's oldest union of textile workers, in 1920. She has worked with Mahatma Gandhi also.


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anasuya_Sarabhai


Google doodle contained her picture on 11 November 2017


I read that Anasuya Sarabhai accompanied Gandhi and Kasturba when they visited Viceroy and translated for Kasturba.


Monday, November 6, 2017

Kautilya Arthasastra



http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00litlinks/kautilya/index.html

http://library.bjp.org/jspui/handle/123456789/73


https://books.google.co.in/books/about/The_Arthashastra.html?id=FFJz72h5qjUC


Kauţilya Arthaśāstra 2 Day National Seminar (1st & 2nd November 2017)

Organised by Chanakya International institute of Leadership studies (CIILS), University of Mumbai
Sponsored by - Indian council of Philosophical Research (ICPR), New Delhi
Supported by Department of Sanskrit, University of Mumbai







3rd Session - Papers Presented by:
-- Dr. Subhash Sharma – Kauṭilya to Modi: Governance Models from India
-- Dr. Priya Vaidya – Dimensions of Enlightened Leadership with Reference to Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra
-- Dr. Namita Nimbalkar – Tracing the roots of Environmental Concern in Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra.

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Sunday, November 5, 2017

National Ethos in Indian Education




















Jnanasangam - Pune 2017 - National Ethos in Bharatiya Tradition of Education and Contemporary Context
http://guide-india.blogspot.com/2017/11/jnanasangam-pune-2017-national-ethos-in.html


Ethos - Meaning


Ethos and Characteristic Spirit are interchangeable words which are defined by Webster as “the distinguishing character, sentiment, moral nature, or guiding beliefs of a person, group, or institution“.

2017

An expert committee of UGC has drafted a new syllabi for the BA/BSc, MA/MSc and PhD of the psychology courses, taking into consideration the "developments in the field of psychology with special relevance to the Indian context."
https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/education/news/psychology-course-not-rooted-in-national-ethos-ugc-calls-for-revamp/articleshow/60989537.cms

On this new item media reported in very erroneous manner.

The original letter is given below.

It had been noticed that Psychology, as taught in institutions of higher learning was neither keeping pace with the recent developments in the discipline nor fulfilling the societal needs. The prevalent course contents commonly taught in the classroom were not rooted in the national ethos. UGC, therefore, constituted a Committee of

Experts to look into different aspects of teaching and research in Psychology besides drawing upon the considerable work that is underway for the purposes of developing vibrant model syllabi for different levels.

The model syllabifor Psychology at B.A/B.Sc, M.A/M.Sc and Ph.D. have been prepared by the Expert Committee taking into consideration the developments in the field of Psychology, with special relevance to the lndian context. The details of these model syllabi have been uploaded on the UGC website i.e. www.uqc.ac.in.

It is, therefore, requested that the same may be perused and suitably adopted in the Psychology courses run ,by your esteemed university and the affiliated colleges.

With regards,

The is an existing model curriculum published in 2001. Hence, the present model curriculum is only revision. Media has portrayed in totally different manner and it has got remarks from various professors who were critical of the new curriculum.  On 24 October 2017, I could not locate the new model curriculum.

Aiming to imbibe Indian ethos in education  Revolutionary reforms in the offing
K V Priya   March 28, 2017

To bring a nationalistic and Indian perspective in higher education and to  deliberate upon the issue, over 700 academicians, including the vice-chancellors of 51 universities, assembled in the national capital for a two-day workshop, hosted by Prajna Pravah.
https://mediaindia.eu/business-politics/aiming-to-imbibe-indian-ethos-in-education/




What is our national ethos?
MOHAN MURTI
Former Europe Director, CII
2011
http://www.thehindubusinessline.com/opinion/what-is-our-national-ethos/article2347575.ece




Ethos Statements of Schools

Ireland National Schools

Ethos Statement
A Community National School is one where:

The school becomes a centre of the local community
Children are encouraged and supported in living their lives to the full
High standards are the goal in teaching and learning
Everybody is valued and treated with respect
Diversity is recognised and celebrated
Respect for plurality of faiths is seen as integral to the daily routine of the school
What this ethos means

For our pupils we:

Place the interests of the pupils first
Promote a holistic approach to education, developing all aspects of the child - intellectually, physically, culturally, morally and spiritually
Provide a top class education where each child is encouraged to reach his/her potential
Are committed to the spirit of inclusion and equality, where each member of the school community is valued and treated with respect
Set high expectations in a caring and nurturing environment


http://www.cns.ie/index.php/design-and-features/ethos-statement-item


Updated 6 November 2017, 23 October 2017

Jnanasangam - Pune 2017 - National Ethos in Bharatiya Tradition of Education and Contemporary Context




Call to free education from West's influence
Governor O.P. Kohli
Pune,  Sun,05 Nov 2017
https://www.nyoooz.com/news/pune/953065/call-to-free-education-from-wests-influence/




Shri Vinod Tawde addressed the gathering during valedictory function.

Shri Tawde told the gathering that he was active in ABVP. He welcomes such gatherings and he requested the organizers to send to him the proposals made in the conference for implementation. He said he wants concrete recommendation for each standard (Class I to Masters courses) so that he consider them for including in the system.

The Governor also said that government is keen on bringing changes and the proceedings of the seminar have to be sent to the government. Governor said Bhaskaracharya belongs to Maharashtra and he calculated the time earth takes to make one round around the Sun. How did he make it? We have to know and use it further.


The Sessions

1. National Ethos in Education

2. Understanding National Ethos Through Literature in Bharat
Prof Avadhesh Kumar Singh
V.C. Auro University, Surat Gujarat

Prof Singh explained the reasons for naming Maharshi Valmiki as Adi Kavi.  Kavi requires darshan and varnan capabilities. He said the ethos are karuna, prema. application in practice, seva and tyaag.

About Prof Singh

https://collegedunia.com/news/c-25478-interview--prof-avadhesh-kumar-singh-vc-of-auro-university

https://www.aurouniversity.edu.in/Dr-Avadhesh-Kumar.html?height=400&width=600

साहित्य = सम + हित + यत

वह विधा और विद्या, जो मानवका हित संपादित करती है|

http://saahityaalochan.blogspot.in/2008/08/blog-post_2139.html 



Bhartiya Evam Paschatya Kavya Sidhant
Dr Ganpati Chandra Gupta
Rajkamal Prakashan Pvt Ltd
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=w5Ut61s0m34C

3. Social Reforms Through Tradition of Education

Prof Shymarao Atre is the main speaker




4. National Ethos Reflected in Education Commissions
Prof. Indumati Katdare

5. Exploring the Research Areas for Understanding National Ethos

Prof Shubada Joshi

She explained the model Prayojanam - Istha sadhana - Phala prapti

6. Decolonising Teaching of Humanities




Related website pages and blogs

Wider Association of Vedic Studies

http://waves-india.com/


Social And Cultural Ethos Of India
K.K. Sinha
Atlantic Publishers & Dist, 2008 - Constitutional history - 200 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=Jb-fO2R1CQUC

Comparative Ethos in Management
Nikhil Barat, Bani P. Banerjee
Excel Books India, 2009 - Management - 138 pages
https://books.google.co.in/books?id=SAS_PgH6_qgC