Tuesday, May 15, 2018

India - Aspirational Districts Programme


Conference on Transformation of Aspirational Districts: Presentations on Jan 4-5, 2018

Plenary Session: Evolving Strategies for Transforming Aspirational Districts
Date:   20th April, 2018         Time:  1130 – 1300 Webcast (link is external)

Venue: Plenary Hall, Vigyan Bhawan, New Delhi

Key Discussion Points

Discussion on evolving strategies for transforming Aspirational Districts focusing on key sectors such as agriculture, health, education ,skilling etc.
Web Cast of the session:  http://webcast.gov.in/darpg/session1.html

The Aspirational Districts Programme is transformative
Till date, no other developing country has undertaken a data-driven programme of this massive scale to advance the holistic development of one-fifth of its population.
OPINION Apr 14, 2018 in Hindustan Times

http://iasexamportal.com/civilservices/the-gist/yojana-transforming-indias-aspirational-districts--a-developmental-journey  Summary of article published in Yojana in March 2018

Press Information Bureau
Government of India
NITI Aayog
28-March-2018 16:17 IST
NITI Aayog releases Baseline Ranking of Aspirational Districts

'Champions of Change' Real-Time Monitoring Dashboard to go Live on 1 April;

Delta Ranking of Districts to be Available from May 2018

The NITI Aayog today launched the baseline ranking for the Aspirational Districts based on published data of 49 indicators (81 data points) across five developmental areas of Health and Nutrition, Education, Agriculture and Water Resources, Financial Inclusion and Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure. The ranking was released by Shri Amitabh Kant, CEO of NITI Aayog.

The CEO also announced that the ‘Champions of Change’ Dashboard for real-time data collection and monitoring will be open for public viewing from 1 April. The dashboard will facilitate District Collectors of all the aspirational districts to input the latest available data of their respective districts. A Workshop was organized on 23 March to train representatives of the Districts to familiarise them to the Dashboard and its functioning, including data input, verification and presentation.

"We want to create competition at the State, District and even the block level. Why do some districts lag on crucial indicators of human development while other districts in the same State excel? Bridging this 'distance to frontier' is key to ensuring the States' prosperity and the Nation's progress", said Amitabh Kant.

"The Aspirational Districts programme, through real-time monitoring and proactive course corrections, reinforces the mechanisms of cooperative & competitive federalism between the Centre and the States, down to the Districts."

From May 2018, Districts will be ranked on their "incremental progress" i.e. Delta Ranking, exemplifying the spirit of competitive federalism. Districts can learn from each other's experiences using the "Best Practices" document that NITI Aayog has prepared and circulated to the district collectors.

About ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme

Launched by the Hon’ble PM in January, the ‘Transformation of Aspirational Districts’ programme aims to quickly and effectively transform some of the most underdeveloped districts of the country.

The broad contours of the programme are Convergence (of Central & State Schemes), Collaboration (of Central, State level ‘Prabhari’ Officers & District Collectors), and Competition among districts driven by a Mass Movement or a Jan Andolan. With States as the main drivers, this program will focus on the strength of each district, identify low-hanging fruits for immediate improvement, measure progress, and rank districts.

The Government is committed to raising the living standards of its citizens and ensuring inclusive growth for all – SabkaSaath, SabkaVikas.

To enable optimum utilization of their potential, this program focusses closely on improving people’s ability to participate fully in the burgeoning economy. Health & Nutrition, Education, Agriculture & Water Resources, Financial Inclusion & Skill Development, and Basic Infrastructure are this programme’s core areas of focus.

After several rounds of consultations with various stakeholders, 49 key performance indicators have been chosen to measure progress of the districts. Districts are prodded and encouraged to first catch-up with the best district within their state, and subsequently aspire to become one of the best in the country, by competing with, and learning from others in the spirit of competitive & cooperative federalism.

NITI Aayog in partnership with the Government of Andhra Pradesh has created a dashboard for monitoring the real-time progress of the districts. District Information Officers underwent training on March 23, 2018 on how to enter data to the dashboard and generate MIS (Management Information System) reports. On April 1, 2018 districts will start entering data. Beginning May 2018, districts will be ranked based on progress made (‘delta ranking’) on a real-time basis. The dashboard will be open to the public to monitor the progress of the Aspirational Districts.


India Vision 2025 - $5 Trillion GDP

14 May 2018

ET-Accenture Digital Fast Forward 2018

All the panelists felt that $5 trillion GDP target by 2025 was achievable. They felt it is probably underwhelming. Thus the corporate sector is highly positive about the target.

The contribution of Digital to GDP by that time will be $1 trillion. Hence Digital is going to grow in a big way.

New initiatives for $5 T economy soon: Suresh Prabhu

Apr 28, 2018,
The commerce ministry has sent a proposal to the Cabinet for investments of Rs. 5,000 crore in 12 champion sectors to push growth.

Aug 22, 2015
Kolkata - Union Railway Minister Suresh Prabhu on Friday said he was optimistic about the Indian economy growing to $20 trillion in size over the next 20 years.

'Manufacturing sector will soon own 20% share of GDP'
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)

India will be a $5 trillion economy soon


Why India is on course to become a $5-trillion economy by 2025?
Apr 28, 2018

India is a $2.6-trillion economy.
There are forecasts that it would grow to $5 trillion by 2025. Can India do it?
Considering that its GDP doubled from $1 trillion to $2 trillion during 2007-14, it is certainly possible.

How India can become a $5 trillion economy
April 16, 2018
Our perspective must shift from policy to projects
To reach 5T, we need to shift our perspective from policy to projects. Select sectoral initiatives can be converted into 100 projects. Each to be led by a competent leader with proven skills.



India Will Be A $5 Tn Eco By 2025: Morgan Stanley



India Vision 2025 - Discussion 



21 March 2017

India's Consumption will triple to $4 Trillion by 2025.

India to Become Third-Largest Consumer Market Economy by 2025

Consumption will triple to $4 Trillion by 2025. Middle income Householders Will Represent Biggest Share of Spending; Urbanization and More Nuclear and Digital Households Will Also Shape New Spending Patterns

According to a report released today by The Boston Consulting Group’s (BCG) Center for Customer Insight (CCI), The New Indian: The Many Facets of a Changing Consumern nominal year-over-year expenditure growth of 12% in India is more than double the anticipated global rate of 5% and will make India the third-largest consumer market by 2025.

The shape of this growth will be influenced by the following factors:

The high income segments will constitute 40% of all spending by 2025; for the first time, this group will represent the largest consumption segment
Emerging cities (those with populations of less than 1 million) will be the fastest growing and will constitute one-third of total consumer spending by 2025
Three-fourths of all households will be nuclear families
Digital channels will influence 30% to 35% of all retail sales by 2025 and 8% to 10% of retail spending will be online

Among the factors that will shape consumption is India’s unique pattern of urbanization, in which emerging cities are the fastest growing.  About 40% of India’s population will be living in urban areas by 2025, and city dwellers will account for more than 60% of consumption. Expenditures in these cities are already rising by nearly 14% a year, while consumer spending in India’s biggest cities is increasing at about 12% a year. Consumers in these cities behave differently from big-city consumers. They have a strong value-for-money orientation, significant local-culture affinity, and a more conservative financial outlook.

The proportion of nuclear households, which has been on the rise during the past two decades, has reached 70% and is projected to increase to 74% by 2025. This ongoing shift is significant to marketers because nuclear families spend 20% to 30% more per capita than joint families.

BCG CCI’s most recent consumer survey in India included 10,000 consumers in 30 locations nationwide and studied consumption in more than 50 categories.   The biggest desires of aspirer households used to be to own a house and a car; today, many more of these consumers want to take international vacations. Similarly, affluent households are becoming comfort seekers, and they are willing to pay for it.

In addition, the internet is an increasingly pervasive factor in India’s commerce, and its influence will only expand.  Online spending is taking off: in the past three years, the number of online buyers has increased sevenfold to 80 million to 90 million.  Digital’s influence on broader consumer spending is significant and growing rapidly. Digitally influenced spending is currently about $45 billion to $50 billion a year, and that figure is projected to increase more than tenfold to $500 billion to $550 billion—and to account for 30% to 35% of all retail sales—by 2025. As a result, omnichannel interaction is more and more important, but its significance varies by category.

Already, a rising number of consumers in all segments are using the internet as their first port of call in framing and driving their purchase decisions. Research found that about 70% of those who have access to the internet go online to make informed purchase decisions.



By 2030, India is projected to house the world's largest middle class consumer market surpassing USA and China.

Deloitte Report - Why India Matters?

29 July 2016

In a meeting of CEOs of Tata group companies on this day, the birthday of Bharat Ratna J.R.D. Tata (29 July). chairman of the group, Mistry called for touching $350 billion revenue by 2025. During the year 2015-16, Tata group invested $9 billion globally. Tata group turnover was $103 billion during 2015-16.  $350 billion revenue would mean a GDP contribution of $175 billion. This sort of estimate would give an estimate of $3 trillion of large scale organizations. MSMEs and India Uninc. can contribute equal amount of $3 trillion. That leaves $1 trillion as contribution from agriculture.

So the break up of $7 trillion would be

Agriculture           $1 trillion
Mining                 $ 0,25 trillion
Manufacturing -   $ 1.75 trillion; (Large $1.25, Small $0.5)
Services           -   $ 4  trillion; (Large $2.0, Small $2.0)

29 May 2016

Startups in Digital Technology Space in India by 2025 - One Lakh

India will have one lakh startups by 2025 contributing $500 billion of value and giving employment to 70 lakh people. Mohan Das Pai now angel investor (formerly CFO, Infosys).

Average size of the successful start up (a small scale organization) will be $5 million (around 30 to 35 crore rupees). It provides employment to 70 people.

India Will Be Fastest-Growing Economy for Coming Decade, Harvard Researchers Predict

Jan 1, 2016 - Wall Street Journal

GDP of India - $7 trillion by 2025

A.T. Kearney in a report of April 2014 gives estimated GDP of India as $7 trillion.

Mumbai City will grow to $370 to 390 billion from $80 billion now.

18 Mega cities will emerge.

India 2025 - $7 Trillion  from 2 Trillion in 2014


India is 3rd Largest Economy in terms of GDP-PPP Valuation (2015)

                                  Unit: Billion, US  Dollar

                                                         China                        USA                         India
GDP-PPP Valuation                       18,976                      18,125                        7,997

Source : International Monetary Fund, World Economic Outlook WEO, April 2015

Industry Visions for 2025

Automobiles - Vision 2025

2.15 Million vehicles produced in 2013-14.
7% of the country’s GDP.
6 Million-plus vehicles to be sold annually, by 2020.
The auto industry produced a total of 2.15 Million vehicles, including passenger vehicles, commercial vehicles, three-wheelers and two-wheelers in 2013-14 as against 2.06 Million in 2012-13, registering a growth of 4.04% in a year.
The total turnover in 2010-11 was USD 58.5 Billion, turnover by 2016 is slated to be USD 145 Billion.
Automotive mission plan, 2006-16:
To emerge as the world’s destination of choice for design and manufacture of automobiles and auto components with output reaching a level of USD 145 Billion, accounting for more than 10% of the GDP and providing additional employment to 25 Million people by 2016.

Automobile Components - Vision 2025

US$ 200 billion by 2025.
Source: Make in India - Automobile Components

Aviation - Vision 2025

The Tata SIA Airlines Ltd’s research gives the estimate that civil aviation in India has the potential to create an economic value of $250 billion and contribute to around 5 percent of the country’s GDP by 2025.  It sees a three-fold rise in domestic air traffic by 2025.

Contribution of Civil Aviation sector to India’s GDP in 2009 is estimated to be 1.5% as per the recent study carried out by Oxford Economics. The study has also estimated that the sector supports a total of 9.95 million jobs. 

• Passenger handling capacity has risen three-folds from 72 million (FY 06) to over 220
million (FY 11)
• Cargo handling capacity has risen from 0.5 million MT (FY 06) to 3.3 million MT (FY 11) 

If every Indian in the middle-class income bracket takes just one flight per annum, it would result in a sale of 300 million tickets, a big jump from the 70 million domestic tickets sold in 2014-15.

The first vision statement in the draft NCAP 2015 speaks of creating an ecosystem that will enable 30 crore (300 million) domestic tickets to be sold by 2022 and 50 (500 million) crore by 2027, from the current seven crore (70 million). 

One of the ideas floated by the government is to cap fares at Rs 2,500 (all-inclusive) per passenger for a one-hour flight on select regional routes.
http://civilaviation.gov.in/sites/default/files/moca_001320.pdf  - 12 plan working group document.

Biotechnology Vision 2025

Modi Govt. Unveiled National Biotechnology Development Strategy 2015-2020 with the objective of achieving $100 billion by 2025. The present industry size is $7 billion.

150 technology transfer organizations will come up in India as a part indigenous technology development mission.


Chemical Industry Size Could be $400 billion by 2025

Proposal to establish an autonomous USD 100 Mn chemical innovation fund by securing 10% of the total inclusive national innovation fund set up by the National Innovation Council

The Indian Chemical Industry comprises both small and large-scale units, and presently, there are about 70,000 chemical manufacturing units located in the country (Deptt. Of Chemicals and
Petrochemicals-Draft National Chemical Policy-December 2013) a major component (in numbers) are covered in the small scale sector.

Indian chemical industry is expected to register a growth of 8-9% in the next decade.

India’s chemical industry is likely to touch $214 billion (approx ₹13,91,000 crore) in the next four years from $139 (approx ₹9,03,500 crore) in fiscal 2014 with estimated growth of around 9 per cent a year.  There is robust growth of consuming sectors till fiscal 2025. Hence there is very strong outlook for the key end-user industries. The demand for intermediate chemical products and basic chemical is expected to surge in the coming years.

A Tata Strategic Management Group study  report states that  critical issues for the chemical industry are availability of key feedstock, infrastructure status,  access to technology, energy security and ease of doing business.

Petrochemical Intermediates

The installed capacity is  6 million tons per annum (MTPA).   India would fall short by 25–30 MT by 2025, which would mean an additional import cost of INR 150,000 to 200,000 crore (USD 24 to 32 billion) a year for intermediates.

A level of 85 per cent self-sufficiency in petrochemical intermediates is a necessary and achievable aspiration for the country to have a vibrant downstream chemical industry. This would require India to install 20–25 MTPA of additional petrochemical intermediate capacity – a number four times the volume of the entire current installed capacity. It means 70–90 additional plants (at economically viable scale) across 30–40 products have to be planned and implemented.

▪ Petrochemical Intermediates
– Acetic acid, vinyl acetate, acetic anhydride, acetate ester
– Ethylene oxide, glycols, ethoxylate, ethanolamine, glycol ether
– Cumene, phenol, acetone, resin
– Propylene oxide, polyols, propylene glycol
– Acrylic acid, acrylic acid ester, superabsorbent polymer
– Ethyl benzene, styrene, ABS resin

Basic inputs to make Petrochemical Intermediates
Petrochemical building blocks
▪ Methanol
▪ Ethylene
▪ Propylene
▪ C4, C5
▪ Benzene, toluene, xylene

Although the Petrochemical Industry has consistently outperformed the GDP Growth rates of India – growing at around 1.5 times the GDP growth rate, recent developments consequent to advantaged feedstock availability in the US and Middle East have led to a situation where announced investments by Indian Companies on production of Petrochemical Building Blocks have fallen short of future requirements.

The chemical industry’s R&D spends would need to go up significantly from current levels of less than 0.5% of sales to reach closer to global benchmarks of 4% of sales (implying R&D spends of ~$12 billion by 2017.

The chemical industry is central to the modern world economy having a typical sales-to-GDP ratio of 5-6%. 

With the current size of $108 billion the Indian chemical industry accounts for approximately 7% of Indian GDP. The chemicals sector accounts for about 14% in overall index of industrial production (IlP). Share of industry in national exports is around 11% (2011?)

Source Documents

Download them and read them in detail to understand the growth of the sector

http://www.petrochemconclave.com/presentation16.html - Index to presentations
Handbook on India Chemical Industry

Construction - Vision 2025

Construction industry plays a pivotal role in developing country’s infrastructure and accounts for nearly 45% of the total investment in the Infrastructure. Construction sector is also the second
largest employer after the agriculture sector.

Construction industry can be broadly classified into two sectors i.e. organized and unorganized. The organized sector includes more than 30,000 organisations whereas the standalone contractors in the unorganized sector number more than 120,000.

Construction equipment accounts for 21-23 % of the total project cost

As per estimates by Off-Highway research, the sale of construction equipment is expected to reach 84,000 units by 2014, of which infrastructure and real estate sectors will account for 70%. This translates into a CAGR of about 20% over the next five years (2009-2014) in sales of construction

About 250 ancillary industries such as cement, steel, brick, timber and building material are dependent on the construction industry. A unit increase in expenditure in this sector has a multiplier effect and the capacity to generate income at much higher growth rates.

Real Estate

11.5 million homes a year - US$ 1 trillion a year market

The country is expected to become the world's third largest construction market by 2025, adding 11.5 million homes a year to become a US$ 1 trillion a year market, according to a study by Global Construction Perspectives and Oxford Economics.


The road network stands at 3.3 million km in (2006?). Of this, rural roads comprise around 2.7 million km, i.e. about 85 percent. Overall village accessibility stood at 54 percent in the year 2000, although position in respect of accessibility to large size habitations has been much better.

 However, in order to give a boost to rural connectivity, a Rural Roads Programme known as the
Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) was launched in December 2000. As a departure from
the earlier programmes, the PMGSY is being implemented as a 100 percent centrally funded scheme. As per the current guidelines, the PMGSY covers all habitations above 500 population to be provided with all-weather rural roads. In case of hills, deserts and tribal areas, the threshold is relaxed and covers all habitations above 250 population. It is estimated that about 1.79 lakh unconnected habitations need to be taken up under the PMGSY programme. This would involve new construction in a length of about 375,000 km at an estimated cost of Rs. 78,000 crore and improvements of 372,000 km at an estimated cost of Rs. 59,000 crore. Upto the end of December, 2006, a total of about 83,000 habitations have been covered and rural road works for an amount of Rs.38,387 crore have been sanctioned.

When the PMGSY was launched in 2000, it was estimated that about 347,000 habitations
out of a total of 825,000 habitations were without any all-weather access. Thus, 40 per cent of the
habitations were cut off from the country’s mainstream of development. According to latest figures
made available by the state governments under a detailed survey undertaken to identify core networks
about 1.79 lakh unconnected habitations need to be taken up under the PMGSY programme.

PMGSY Programme: New Connectivity

Habitation                Number of Rural                        Length Required            Total Estimated cost
Population Group    Unconnected Habitations           (km)                                (Rs billion)
1000+                        60,030                                      138,888
500-999                    79,208                                       160,754                             784.18
250-499 *                 39,530                                         75,690
Total                       178,768                                       375,332                             784.18
* Only in hill states, desert and tribal areas as per PMGSY eligibility.

In addition, upgradation of roads of the core network will be undertaken where required to provide
connectivity to market centres and other social infrastructure. A length of 372,816 km for upgrading at an estimated cost of Rs.590.330 billion has been included out of a total length of 1,134,112 km,

Roads in India - Estimates up to 2015
Vision 2025 for Rural Roads. Doc of 2005:  http://pmgsy.nic.in/downloads/3julsep05_eng.pdf

Cement Industry

Cement demand is projected to grow to 2.5 to 2.7 times the current volumes and reach 550 to 600 MTPA by 2025. Per capita cement consumption is likely to increase from 185 kg currently to 385 to 415 kg in 2025. This growth will likely be led by investments in the infrastructure sector, with subsectors such as roads, power, and irrigation leading the charge.

An additional capacity of 330 to 380 MTPA for cement and 240 to 270 MTPA for clinker could be required by 2025, translating to an investment of close to Rs 300,000 crore.

Dairy Industry and Activity - Vision 2025

Present production 137.6 million tonnes.
The demand of milk and milk products in India is projected to increase to 142.9 million tonnes in 2015 and further to 191.3 million tonnes in 2020. The demand will further rise to 231.18 million tonnes in 2035.

The demand projections show that there is scope to increase diary farms at the various scale levels. Large scale diary farms having 200 milk giving animals may be encouraged to increase productivity and quality of milk. Also, setting up advanced diary plants and implementing modern IT systems like internet of things in the entire supply chain including the cattle will take place. Already, some diary plants have used RFID tags attached to animals to monitor their behaviour and inform the animal owners about various steps to be taken.

Electrical Machinery - Vision 2025

Output of US$ 100 billion by 2022

As of 2011-12, the Indian EE industry has grown close to  Rs. 1.20 lakh crore (US$ 25 billion). It
contributes 1.4% to the nation’s GDP and 10.0% to the manufacturing GDP.

Based on investment estimates and capacity addition targets, domestic demand for generation equipment (BTG) could be in the range of US$ 25-30 billion by 2022; for the T&D equipment industry, it may be US$ 70–75 billion. The EE industry is projected to provide direct employment to 1.5 million people and indirect employment to 2 million by 2022.

Electronics Design and Manufacturing - Vision 2025

Production in India of apprx. USD 300 billion.

25% of country’s GDP by 2025 from IT and ESDM (Nasscom-IESA)

Food Processing - Vision 2025

The Indian food processing industry is valued at approx. ` 78,094 crore for the year 2011-
The industry has shown  Compounded
Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 8.4% during the period 2006-07 to 2011-12.

Information Technology and Business Process Services - Vision 2025

Indian technology and services industry is on track to reach its goal of $200 billion to $225 billion in revenues by 2020 and furthermore, to reach revenues of $350 billion by 2025.

Insurance - Vision 2025

USD 250 bn insurance industry in India

CII sets 2025 vision for building a customer centric and value creating USD 250 bn insurance industry in India
Life insurance industry to grow at 12% CAGR over next decade to reach USD 160 bn – USD 175 bn and general insurance to grow at 22% CAGR to reach a GWP of USD 80 bn. 

General Insurance Vision 2025

From a ` 12,000 crore top-line industry in 2001–02, today it is worth ` 70,000 crore (FY 2013), clocking an annual growth rate of 17%. The industry today provides a cover of ` 1,000
lakh crore,

2025 - GWP to GDP penetration of 1.4%

Gross Written Premium

— Growth CAGR of ~14–15% resulting in GWP of ~Rs. 3,50,000 crore by 2025. (5 times of 2013 GWP)
— With no improvement in combined ratio, the industry would continue to have a negative value creation of ` 20–25,000 crore while delivering average RoE of 10–12%.
— Capital requirements remain relatively high –  RS.` 20–25,000 crore of fresh infusion.

Leather Industry - Vision 2025

Total production of Indian leather industry stands at USD 11 Billion
Exports have grown from USD 1.42 Billion in 1990-91 to USD 6 Billion in 2013-14
India produces 2 Billion sq. feet of leather, accounting for 10% of the world leather requirements
Domestic market expected to double in next five years
Exports projected to grow at 24% per annum over next five years

The global footwear market is estimated to be worth $192.3 bnin 2008, a growth of 2% over
the 2007 value. The Indian footwear industry is estimated to be worth just INR 160 bn or $4 bn[2].
It is the second largest global producer of footwear after China, accounting for more than 14 % of
global footwear production of 14.52 bn pairs.

The Indian footwear market is expected to worth INR 475 bn by 2025, representing a compounded
annual growth rate of 7%.

Media & Entertainment - Vision 2025

Media and entertainment (M&E) industry in India has the potential to reach $100 billion (about Rs 6.5 lakh crore) by 2025

Mining - Vision 2025

Mining Contribution to GDP - $61 billion by 2025

The contribution of mining to India’s GDP has fallen from 1.2 per cent to 1 per cent in the recent years.

The mining industry has the potential to create 6 million additional total jobs by 2025, accounting for 12 per cent of the new non-farm job gap. The mining industry could contribute USD 125 billion to India’s output and additional USD 47 billion to India’s GDP by 2025.

In 2012, the mining sector accounted for 3 million jobs directly, and induced an additional 8 million

If mining grows more rapidly, it could increase its direct and induced contribution to India’s output
from USD 50 billion in 2012 to USD 126 billion by 2025 (additional USD 47 billion over business-as usual scenario). Additional contribution to GDP will be USD 47 billion )

India’s mining sector has been growing slower than other major mining jurisdictions such as China, Brazil, Canada, the United States, Chile and Australia. The real value add of India’s mining sector to the GDP is very low at USD 14.4 billion against that of China (USD 150 billion), Australia (USD 38 billion) and Brazil (USD 21 billion). Between 2010 and 2012, India’s mining sector grew at 0.8 per cent compared to 15 per cent for China, 5.3 per cent for the United States, 2.5 per cent for Canada and 2 per cent for Brazil. So there is substantial scope for increasing mining output in India. India has
endowment of the top 5 or 6 reserves globally across commodities such as thermal coal and iron
ore. So availability of ore is there. Investment and technology to mine the ore and process it have to be arranged.

Download Report on Mining by CII-McKinsey from

Oil and Gas - Vision 2025

The natural gas demand is all set to grow significantly at a CAGR of 6.8% from 242.6 MMSCMD in 2012-13 to 654.55 MMSCMD in 2026-27

Pharmaceuticals - Vision 2025

The Indian pharmaceuticals market increased at a CAGR of   17.46 per cent in 2015 from US$ 6 billion in 2005 and is expected   to expand at a CAGR of 15.92 per cent to US$ 55 billion by 2020.


Ports and Shipping - Vision 2025


Long coastline of 7,517 km and navigable inland waterways of 14,500 km offering immense potential
 for maritime sector development.
150 + projects for investment  identified in Indian maritime sector
Opportunities for investment of USD 19 Billion in Inland Waterway development and USD 50 Billion in Port-led Development under ‘Sagarmala’

‘Sagarmala’ - New Port Development and Port Modernization
Greenfield major ports at Vadhavan (Maharashtra), Sagar Island (West Bengal),  Paradip Outer Harbour and Potential locations in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu

Trans-shipment Hubs at Enayam (Tamil Nadu) and Vizhinjam (Kerala)

Port Mordernization:
Increasing draft at Kamarajar (Ennore), Paradip and Mormugao Ports to 18m
500 MMTPA port capacity augmentation in Major Ports by 2025
‘Jal Marg Vikas’ project for capacity augmentation for navigation and shipping in River Ganga: NW-1 (1620 km)
Development of 111 National Waterways
Development of cruise terminals at Mormugao, Chennai, Mumbai, Chennai and Kochi.


Market size of shipbuilding expected in 2025 – US$ 25 billion
Market size of shipbuilding at present – US$ 5 billion


Investment in Railways

Indian Railways plans to invest $ 142 billion in five years (2016-2020) and hope to double this investment figure in the next five-year cycle (2020-2025)

Railway Revenue

Freight 600 million tonnes
Passengers: 2175 billion Passenger Kilometres

Renewable Energy - Vision for 2025

Government announced in Budget of 2015-16, the target o 175 GW by 2022.At a capacity addition ability of 15 GW per year, 2025 vision can be 230 GW.

Roads and Highways - Vision for 2025

India will develop road projects spanning 50,000 kilometers and entailing investments of about $250 billion over the next five years (FY 2016-17 to FY2020-2021).

The 12th five year plan 2012-17 estimated the road sector’s investment to be $95 billion.

NHAI has a target of awarding 10,000 km of projects in the fiscal year 2015-16. Upto January, 6353 km of projects have already been awarded. Cabinet Minister Shri Nitin Gadkari is confident of completing 100 km per day in due course of time.

Space Exploration and Satellite Launching - Vision 2025

The current budget of ISRO is around $12 billion.
Global space industry volume is $300 billion. India has talent and space to grow.

Vision 2025 for Textiles

Document created by expert committee and presented to textile ministry

$350 billion  for domestic consumption
$300 billion for exports

Thermal Power - Vision 2025

Thermal power is the mainstay of electricity generation in India. It stood at over 196 GW in 2015, of which coal-based capacities alone amounted to 171 GW. Plans are in progress for addition of another 175 GW of thermal power capacity by 2022.


Tourism and Hospitality - Vision 2025

$88.6 billion by 2025

Tourism and hospitality contributed about $44.1 billion to India’s GDP in 2015 and is likely to touch $88.6 billion by 2025.



Sectors' Review Ends

A.T. Kearney in a report of April 2014 gives estimated GDP of India as $7 trillion.

Mumbai City will grow to $370 to 390 billion from $80 billion now.

18 Mega cities will emerge.

India 2025 - $7 Trillion  from 2 Trillion in 2014


New Technology Contribution - $1 Trillion by 2025

Potential adoption of 12 empowering technologies in India

Mobile internet, cloud technology, Automation of knowledge work (through mobile phones), Digital payments, Digital identity, internet of things, Intelligent transportation and distribution, Advanced geographic information systems, Next generation genomics, Advanced oil and gas exploration and recovery, Renewable energy, Advanced energy storage

To assess the potential impact of the 12 technologies on the economy of India, McKinsey sized more than 40 applications in six sectors of the economy: financial services, education and skills, healthcare, agriculture and food, energy, and infrastructure.

The total impact of the sized applications could amount to $240 billion to $500 billion a year by 2025. Given the contributions of these sectors to India's GDP, the estimate across the entire economy, is estimated to be $550 billion to $1 trillion by 2025.

Financial services. The applications  could have an economic value of $32 billion to $140 billion a year by 2025. As many as 300 million Indians could gain access to banking services and raise their incomes by 5 to 30 percent thanks to better access to credit and the ability to save and make remittances.

Education and skills. The remote learning, massive open online courses (MOOCs), and other digital systems could have an economic impact of $60 billion to $90 billion a year by 2025 thanks to higher productivity among a larger number of skilled workers. India could have about 24 million more high-school and college-educated workers and 18 million to 33 million more vocationally trained workers by 2025 as a result of digitization in the education sector.

Health Care: By 2025, the total economic impact could be $25 billion to $65 billion a year, including $15 billion that could be saved through systems to reduce the problem of counterfeit drugs. Some 400 million of India's poor could get access to better care through technologies that bring medical expertise to modestly skilled health workers in remote areas.

Agriculture and food. Technology applications could create $45 billion to $80 billion a year in additional value in the sector. More than half of that would come from hybrid and genetically modified crops, precision farming (using sensors and GIS-based soil, weather, and water data to guide farming decisions), and mobile Internet–based farm-extension and market-information services. These improvements could raise the incomes of as many as 100 million farmers

Energy. Collectively, the technology applications  in energy could have an economic value of $50 billion to $95 billion a year by 2025.  The largest benefit would come from smart metering, which could save $15 billion to $20 billion a year by 2025 in reduced transmission losses. Unconventional-oil and -gas development might generate value of $10 billion a year by 2025.

Together, infrastructure technologies can contribute $30 billion to $45 billion a year in value by 2025.

India needs to  raise its investment in research and development, which in 2010 was 0.87 percent of GDP, compared with 1.7 percent in China and 3.36 percent in South Korea to make good use of new technologies.

Indo - US Trade

Due to the fourfold growth of bilateral trade since 2006 to 100 billion USD in 2014, both the governments are now keen and committed to further improving trade relations. The time is ripe for a new ambition to be set in its trade relations and improve the trade to $500 billion.

1.6 trillion USD worth of investment will be required by 2025 and 3.6 trillion USD by 2034 for India to transform into a 10 trillion USD economy. An important share of this investment will need
to come from international sources investing in new technologies and setting up global research and development (R&D) centres in India. Foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows to India rose by
26% in 2014 to an estimated 35 billion USD.

Updated  2018 -  16 May 2018,  1 May 2018,  28 January

23 March 2017, 12 March 2017,   31 July 2016,  30 May 2016, 16 May 2916, 12 March 2016, 8 March 2016, 1 Jan 2016

Please inform if you have come across any interesting information regarding any sector through comments

Friday, May 11, 2018

Sewa International


A million dollar fund organization serving the needy all over the world. Believes in Hindu seva dharma.  Service beyond self. Nishkaama karma.

Telugu Quran

ఇది (ఈ ఖుర్ఆన్) ఒక దివ్య గ్రంథం


Vatsalyam - Telugu

వాత్సల్య రస భక్తి

భక్తి విధానాలలో వాత్సల్య రస భక్తి  కూడా ఉంది. భగవంతుని చిన్ని కృష్ణునిగా , బాల రామునిగా భావించి గోరుముద్దలు తినిపించుదాం అని ప్రయత్నించే భక్తి వాత్సల్య రస భక్తి. తాను సేవ చెయ్యకపోతే చిన్ని బాలుడు ఇబ్బంది పడతాడు. తన మీదే ఆధారపడ్డ బాలుడికి అన్ని అవసరాలు తీర్చడమే తన తక్షణ కర్తవ్యమ్ అని భావించే తల్లి ప్రేమ ఆధారిత భక్తి వాత్సల్య రస భక్తి. 


Vatsalya - Hindi - वात्सल्य -

Vatsalya Bharati - వాత్సల్య భారతి - वात्सल्य भारति

వాత్సల్య ఆనంద భారతి స్వామి ఆరాధన దినోత్సవము 12 మే 2018.

వాత్సల్య భారతి - భారతమాత తత్వము

వాత్సల్యం సమాజాన్ని, దేశాలను చివరకు ఈ ప్రపంచాన్ని శాంతి, సుస్థిరతల ఉద్యానవనంగా మార్చే అద్భుత శక్తి. ప్రతి ఇల్లూ  వాత్సల్యపు చిరునామాగా మారాలి.



వాత్సల్యం కేవలం బాల్యపు అలంకారమే కాదు, కుటుంబాన్ని కలిపి ఉంచే ఆభరణమే కాదు. సమాజాన్ని, దేశాలను చివరకు ఈ ప్రపంచాన్ని శాంతి, సుస్థిరతల ఉద్యానవనంగా మార్చే అద్భుత శక్తి. ప్రతి ఇల్లూ ముందుగా వాత్సల్యపు చిరునామాగా మారాలి.



తల్లి భారతి వందనం బంగారు మట్టి చందనం

మా తల్లి భారతి వందనం బంగారు మట్టి చందనం
ఈ మట్టికి మన అర్చనం ఈ మట్టికే అభివందనం  || తల్లి భారతి ||

తల్లి భారతి వందనం - వాత్సల్య పూర్ణా వందనం

సుఖముగా వర్ధిల్లినాం - తనువునే అర్పింతుమమ్మా     !! తల్లి భారతి

ఇంటింటా భారతమాత చిత్రపటం ఉండాలి.

Download the picture from: http://www.vijayavipanchi.org/Downloads.aspx

Download the Ekaatmata Stotram - Song in praise of Bhakthas of Bharata Mata - The children of Bharata Mata who did extraordinary to service to Bharat Mata and Bharatiyas.


దేశభక్తి లేని దైవభక్తి, దైవభక్తి లేని దేశభక్తి నిరర్ధకం, నిష్ఫలం.
దేశభక్తి గల దైవభక్తి పరమార్ధము.
మన దేశం కూడా మన దైవం.
దేవుని పూజలా  దేశాన్ని పూజించాలి.

దేశభక్తి - దేశసేవ - దేశశక్తి

దేశశక్తి వల్లనే దేశ ప్రజల  జ్ఞాన, సౌర్య, సంపదలు వృద్హి చెందుతాయి.

దేశశక్తి వల్లనే దేశ ప్రజలు బాహ్య మరియు అంతర దుష్ట శక్తులపై విజయం సాధించి సుఖ శాంతులతో ఉంటారు.

దేశభక్తిని పెంచడం

భారతమాత సేవకుడు హిందూ ధర్మాభిమాని శ్రీ వాత్సల్యానంద భారతి స్వామి వారు

'గుండె గుండెలో భారతమాత తత్వ ప్రచారం'



Image may contain: 2 people


శ్రీలు పొంగిన జీవగడ్డ భారత ఖండము - రాయప్రోలు సుబ్బారావు గారి గేయము


वात्सल्य भारति

Aarti Bharat Mata ki Jagat ki Bhagy Vidhata ki
by HareKrishna Hari Bhai


Updated 12 మే 2018,   14 April 2018, 23 January 2018, 26 December 2017

Sunday, April 29, 2018

India - Information Board

Transformation of India - Be a Part of It.

India to be $20 Trillion GDP Economy by 2047 - $10 Trillion GDP Economy by 2037
$5 Trillion GDP Economy by 2025 -




India Information Board - Hindi - इण्डिया समाचार फलक

Times of India Channel on YouTube

India Today YouTube Channel https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCYPvAwZP8pZhSMW8qs7cVCw



April 2018

India's Century - Vivekananda, Aurobindo, Arnold Toynbee, David Frawley

December 2017

Mudra Loan Scheme Success -  90 million loans worth 4.28 trillion rupees
Prime Minister Narendra Modi
PM Modi - Inauguration Address -  Global Entrepreneurship Summit-2017 in Hyderabad on November 28, 2017

Modi's Make in India just saved Rs 1 lakh crore in defence sector.
The decision by the government in favour of going for Make in India is also going to help the indigenous defence industry as the money which would have been transferred to foreign vendors would now be spent within the country.
December 3, 2017

Cabinet approves Rs9,046 crore National Nutrition Mission
Under the mission, the government is targeting a reduction of 2% a year in stunting, undernutrition and low birthweight among 100 million people
Dec 02 2017.

The government has sanctioned 30.76 lakh houses since the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban). The urban housing requirement at 12 million.
Launched on June 25, 2015, the aim of PMAY is to meet the target of “Housing for All” by 2022.
25 November, 2017

Prime Minister's Appeal

Share #PositiveIndia News - Create a #PositiveIndia Wave - Inspire other fellow-citizens!

Positive India -  Bulletin Board  


October 2017

Interesting explanation on Modi Government's Performance and Activities
Dr. Vinay Sahasrabudhe


September 2017

17 September 2017 - Sardar Sarovar Dam dedicated to Nation by PM Shri Narendra Modi on 17 Sep 2017
Pic Source: Pib.nic.in

Support new employment creation - Support wealth creation in India - Promote Micro Sector in India
Please sign the petition to the Prime Minister of India to look at the plan to provide 2 crore persons employment using Mudra Finance Scheme. Please share with more people.

నాయకత్వ లక్షణాలు, వివిధ రకాల శక్తుల ఆవిష్కరణ

Caste of Maharashtra - Some Explanation


August 2017






How to help your employees ride the new wave of learning
Vinay Pradhan
25 AUGUST 2017 12:36 IST

Made in China Mission


Bukkal Nawab joins BJP


29 July 2017



June 2017

Jio will offer home broadband at Rs. 500 for 100 GB

Bharatvarsh: Episode 5: Prithviraj Chauhan



Bharatvarsh: Episode 4: Watch the glorious story of Adi Shankaracharya

ABP News

May 2017

26 May 2017

3 Years of Modi Government - Achievements - Shortcomings




25 May 2017

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's demonetisation move has given the economy a Rs 5 lakh-crore advantage, a high-level internal assessment report of the government on the drive has found.

23 May 2017

Indian Professor presents Principles of Industrial Engineering in the Global Annual Conference of Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers in Pittsburgh,  USA

Principles of Industrial Engineering Presented by Professor K.V.S.S. Narayana Rao on 23 May 2017 at the Annual Conference of Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers in Pittsburgh, USA.  Industrial Engineering is a management subject or discipline with Engineering as the foundation. Its primary application area is engineering systems. It augmented application area is any system.  INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING IS SYSTEM EFFICIENCY ENGINEERING AND HUMAN EFFORT ENGINEERING (Definition by Narayana Rao - Published in Udyog Pragati, Jounral of NITIE in 2006)


April 2017

Manpreet Kaur - World Number One in Shot Put

Manpreet Kaur threw shot put over a distance of 18.86 m in Asian Grand Prix, Jinhua, China and won Gold. Also, this is the world's best throw in recent days. So we can say she is the World's Number 1 at the moment.


30 April 2017


Nattukottai Chettiyars to Promote Entrepreneurship

Nattukottai Chettiyars to Promote Entrepreneurship among their children. Entrepreneurs are now only 15%. They want to take back that percentage to 90%.

29 April 2017


DIPP cleared Amazon's Rs. 3,500 crore food retailing proposal.

Google India - Solve for India Programme.

Google India is launching Solve for India Programme. The Program Manager Lead is Karthik Padmanabhan. The programme will engage at least 10,000 entrepreneurs and developers. The program was started in Pune and will be extended to Chennai, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Kanpur, Kochi, Kolkata, Madurai, Nagpur and Nashik.

In the year 2016-17, Jio added 93 million subscribers. But the top three leading providers also added 39 million subscribers. So the overall market has expanded.

India likely to get a normal monsoon this year - IMD forecast.

BJP wins MCD Polls


19 August 2016
NDA wll get 304 seats -  India Today - Karvy Insights Poll

May 2016

Modi's Ministers - Successes and Failures


12 April 2016

Read in an advertisement of Xrabia - Flat builders that Greater MMR region will have $1 trillion GDP in the next 20 years. Good thought.

The world's 15 biggest metropolitan areas

How women can boost India’s GDP by whopping $ 3 trillion


Seminar held in Thane on 10 February 2016


In view of the birth centenary year of Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya, (Propounder of Ekatma Manav-vad), Deendayal Prerana Kendra and Ekatma Prabodh Mandal have organized a seminar on Ekatma Manav Darshan as per details below:



Time: WEDNESDAY, 10TH FEBRUARY 2016, 4.30 TO 7.45 PM

Session 1: Ekatma Manav Darshan & Capitalism by Dr. KVSS Narayana Rao



Session 2: Ekatma Manav Darshan & Globalization by Dr. Varadraj Bapat
Session 3: Ekatma Manav Darshan – In Practice by Dilip Kelkar
Session 4: Samarop: DR. SATISH MODH,  Director, Vivekanand Institute of Mgt, Chembur

DEENDAYAL PRERANA KENDRA 2/27 Kalpana Sahaniwas, Sahyog Mandir Path, Naupada, Thane (W)

EKATMA PRABODH MANDAL (Activity of Ekatma Vikas Samiti, Public Trust) B105 Vatsalyadeep, Krantiveer Phadke Marg, Mulund East, Mumbai 400081 Tel: 25639654, Email: ekatmaprabodh at the rate gmail.com

November 2015

Consumer confidence index of India is Global high at 131 for the third quarter of 2015.


Sep 2015

EVENT:  25 Sep 2015

Inaugural function of  Birth Anniversary Celebrations  of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya.  Lok Sabha Speaker Smt Sumitra Mahajan will be the Chief Guest. The Minister of Home Affairs, Shri Rajnath Singh & The Minister of Finance & Corporate Affairs, Information & Broadcasting, Shri Arun Jaitley will be the Guest of Honour.

25th September, 2015 (Friday)

TIME: 1030 HRS (IST)
VENUE: Nehru Memorial Museum & Library, Teen Murti House, New Delhi-110001

Shri Arun Jaitley addressing India Economic Convention on 17 September 2015


uploaded by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting

Tata Group Revenue rises over 5% to $109 billion for the financial year 2014-15 (Economic Times 31 August 2015)

Make in India - Will be Successful - Role of Industrial Engineering in India's Make in India Campaign - Presentation by me in Goa - IIIE Foundation Day Lecture 2015


Uploaded by Narayana Rao


May 2015

Why "Make in India" Makes Sense
Presentation by Jagdish Sheth at Emory University


Uploaded on 6 April 2015

Prof Uday Amonkar Memorial Lecture - Make in India - Role of Industrial Engineering

April 2015

An Assessment of Modi Government - Panel Discussion at World Economic Forum 2014, November

6 November 2014

According to figures released by Ministry of Commerce and Industry, the year 2014-15 ended with exports of $310 billion against target of $340 billion. The trade deficit was $137 billion. India announced a five-year foreign trade policy to increase total exports to $900 billion in the year 2019-20.

India GDP: $2.308 trillion

26 Feb
In India, internet connections will reach 500 million figures.
How 500 million internet users will transform India  - Article in Economic Times on 26 Feb 2015

24 February
Interesting articles in Financial Express

On resources for Budget.


Presence on e-Commerce platforms provides Buzz to Brands.


26 October
Oil Discovery in Cambay Basin of Gujarat  by Jay Polychem India Ltd.

19 October
Maharashtra Assembly Elections - Elected MLAs List
BJP emerged as the single largest party with 122 seats out of 288.
In Haryana assembly, BJP got a simple majority. 47 out of 90 member assembly.

2 October
Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday
Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi to start Swachch Bharat Abhiyan today in Delhi

1 October
Narendra Modi boarded flight for return to India from USA.

30 November
PM Narendra Modi paid respects to Mahatma Gandhi at the Gandhi Memorial in Washington DC

Times Now upload

16 August
Indigenously built largest warship INS Kolkata commissioned by PM Narendra Modi
                                          Picture source: http://pib.nic.in/photo//2014/Aug/l2014081655835.jpg

15 August
    Picture source: pib.nic.in

2014 - 68 India Independence Day Celebration - Red Fort, Delhi - Prime Minister

BJP Economic Policy - Part of Election Manifesto 2014


26 July Kargil Vijay Diwas

Defence Mister and Chiefs of Defence forces saluting Amar Jawans on the occasion of Kargil Vijay Day.

Centenary of Komagata Maru (29 September 2014 to 29 September 2015)
Centenary of Begum Akthar (7 October 2014 to 7 October 2015)
125th Birth Anniversary of Jawaharlal Nehru (14 November 2014 to 14 November 2015)



25 December

Vajpayee's birthday being celebrated by BJP.

24 December

BJP Parliamentary Board and Election Committee Meeting News





22 December 2013
Narendra Modi Addressed a meeting in Mumbai



India South Africa Test
Post Lunch South Africa - 298-4,  to score 458 to win.

21 December

Modi's Speech at Varanasi

15 December 2013

Run for Unity - Remembering Sardar Patel

Rally - Narendra Modi at Dehradun



National Energy Conservation Day - 2013



Election Results of 4 State Assemblies
Counting was done  4 state assemblies of Madhya Pradesh, Rajastan, Chattisgarh and Delhi. Counting in Mizoram will be done tomorrow.

Madhya Pradesh - BJP got full majority
Rajastan - BJP got full majority 162
Chattisgarh - BJP got full Majority  49
Delhi - BJP the single largest party  31

First Medal for India. Bronze for Gagan Narang in 10m Air Rifle Event. Congratulations Gagan Narang.

Indian Olympic Team Itinerary

1 August 2012


Media's Role in Anna's Anti Corruption Movement - A Discussion



London 2012 Olympics Indian Team Participation Schedule

Rajesh Khanna, one super star of Hindi films,  died 18 July 2012.

India News - Videos London Olympics 2012

NITIE students have provided solar laterns to villagers of  Sadapdana in Nashik District.

Cheti Chand - Birthday of Jhulelal - the day after Ugadi day

Tomorrow is Shri Rama Navami - Shri Rama Janmadin

Shri Rama Navami

Updated  30 April 2018, 13 February 2018, 23 December 2017,  6 November 2017,  26 August 2017,  1 August 2017,   4 June 2017,  26 May 2017,  30 April 2017, 29 April 2017

Wednesday, April 25, 2018

Bhagavatham - Telugu - పోతన భాగవతము - పద్యాలు

Bhagavatham describes the avataaras of Shri Mahavishnu.

Important Events of Stories Covered in Book by Kompella Venkata Rama Sastry

The Curse on Parikshit
The Importance of Number Seven
Jaya and Vijaya
Story of Dhruva
Story of Chitraketu
Story of Prahlada
Gajendra Moksham
Kshirasagara Madhanam
Vishnu's appearance as Mohini
Vaman Avatar
Matsya Avatar
Shri Ramavatar
Story of Parasu Rama
Chandra Vamsam
Shri Krishnavatar
Childhood of Shri Krishna
Killing of Kamsa
Marriage with Rukmini
Killing of Narakasur
Destruction of Yadavs
Spread of Four Vedas
The Story of Puranjana (man)

Bhagavatam - Skandam 1 part 1 Animutyalu

పోతన భాగవతము

ప్రథమ స్కంధం

1- 1
శ్రీ కైవల్య పదంబుఁ జేరుటకునై చింతించెదన్ లోక ర
క్షైకారంభకు భక్తపాలన కళాసంరంభకున్ దానవో
ద్రేకస్తంభకుఁ గేళిలోలవిలసద్దృగ్జాల సంభూత నా
నా కంజాతభవాండకుంభకు మహానందాంగనాడింభకున్.

1- 2

వాలిన భక్తి మ్రొక్కెద నవారిత తాండవ కేళికిన్ దయా
శాలికి శూలికిన్ శిఖరిజాముఖపద్మ మయూఖమాలికిన్
బాల శశాంక మౌళికిఁ గపాలికి మన్మథ గర్వపర్వతో
న్మూలికి నారదాది మునిముఖ్యమనస్సరసీరుహాళికిన్.

1- 3

ఆతతసేవఁ జేసెద సమస్తచరాచర భూతసృష్టివి
జ్ఞాతకు భారతీహృదయసౌఖ్యవిధాతకు వేదరాశి ని
ర్ణేతకు దేవతానికరనేతకుఁ గల్మషజేతకున్ నత
త్రాతకు ధాతకున్ నిఖిలతాపసలోక శుభప్రదాతకున్.

1- 5

ఆదర మొప్ప మ్రొక్కిడుదు నద్రిసుతాహృదయానురాగసం
పాదికి దోషభేదికిఁ బ్రపన్నవినోదికి విఘ్నవల్లికా
చ్ఛేదికి మంజువాదికి నశేషజగజ్జననందవేదికిన్
మోదకఖాదికిన్ సమదమూషకసాదికి సుప్రసాదికిన్.

1- 6
క్షోణితలంబు నెన్నుదురు సోఁకఁగ మ్రొక్కి నుతింతు సైకత
శ్రోణికిఁ జంచరీకచయసుందరవేణికి రక్షి తామర
శ్రేణికిఁ దోయజాతభవ చిత్తవశీకరణైక వాణికిన్
వాణికి నక్షదామ శుక వారిజ పుస్తక రమ్యపాణికిన్.

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పుట్టంబుట్ట, శరంబునన్ మొలవ నంభోయానపాత్రంబునన్
నెట్టం గల్గను గాళిఁ గొల్వను బురాణింపన్ దొరంకొంటి మీఁ
దెట్టే వెంటఁ జరింతుఁ దత్సరణి నాకీవమ్మ యో! యమ్మ మేల్
పట్టున్మానకుమమ్మ నమ్మితిఁ జుమీ బ్రాహ్మీ! దయాంభోనిధీ!

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అమ్మలఁ గన్నయమ్మ, ముగురమ్మల మూలపుటమ్మ, చాలఁ బె
ద్దమ్మ, సురారులమ్మ కడు పాఱడివుచ్చినయమ్మ, తన్ను లో
నమ్మిన వేల్పుటమ్మల మనమ్ముల నుండెడియమ్మ, దుర్గ, మా
యమ్మ, కృపాబ్ధి యీవుత మహత్త్వ కవిత్వ పటుత్వ సంపదల్.

1- 9 హరికిం బట్టపుదేవి... (మత్తైభం).

హరికిన్ బట్టపుదేవి, పున్నెముల ప్రో వర్థంపుఁ బెన్నిక్క, చం
దురు తోఁబుట్టువు, భారతీగిరిసుతల్ తోనాడు పూఁబోఁణి, తా
మరలం దుండెడి ముద్దరాలు, జగముల్ మన్నించు నిల్లాలు, భా
సురతన్ లేములు వాపు తల్లి, సిరియిచ్చున్ నిత్యకల్యాణముల్.

శారద నీరదేందుఘనసార పటీరమరాళమల్లికా
హారతుషార ఫేనరజతాచల కాశఫణీశకుందమం
దార సుధాపయోధి సితతామరసామరవాహినీశుభా
కారత నొప్పు నిన్ను మదిఁ గానగ నెన్నడుగల్గు భారతీ!

అంబ, నవాంబుజోజ్వల కరాంబుజ, శారదచంద్రచంద్రికా
డంబర చారుమూర్తి, ప్రకటస్ఫుటభూషణరత్నదీపికా
చుంబిత దిగ్విభాగ, శృతిసూక్తి వివిక్త నిజప్రభావ, భా
వాంబర వీధివిశ్రుతవిహారి, ననుం గృపఁజూడు భారతీ!


ఇమ్మనుజేశ్వరాధముల కిచ్చి పురంబులు వాహనంబులున్
సొమ్ములుఁ గొన్ని పుచ్చుకొని సొక్కి శరీరము వాసి కాలుచే
సమ్మెట వ్రేటులం బడక సమ్మతి శ్రీహరి కిచ్చి చెప్పె నీ
బమ్మెర పోతరా జొకఁడు భాగవతంబు జగద్ధితంబుగన్.


చేతులారంగ శివునిఁ బూజింపఁడేని
నోరునొవ్వంగ హరికీర్తి నుడువఁడేని
దయయు సత్యంబులోనుగాఁదలఁపఁడేనిఁ
గలుగనేటికిఁ దల్లులకడుపుఁజేటు.

పలికెడిది భాగవతమఁట,
పలికించువిభుండు రామభద్రుండఁట, నేఁ
బలికిన భవహరమగునఁట,
పలికెద, వేఱొండుగాథ బలుకఁగ నేలా?

ఒనరన్ నన్నయ తిక్కనాదికవు లీ యుర్విం బురాణావళుల్
తెనుఁగుం జేయుచు మత్పురాకృత శుభాధిక్యంబు దానెట్టిదో
తెనుఁగుం జేయరు మున్ను భాగవతమున్ దీనిం దెనింగించి నా
జననంబున్ సఫలంబుఁ జేసెదఁ బునర్జన్మంబు లేకుండఁగన్.


లలితస్కంధము, గృష్ణమూలము, శుకాలాపాభిరామంబు, మం
జులతా శోభితమున్, సువర్ణ సుమనస్సుజ్ఞేయమున్, సుందరో
జ్జ్వల వృత్తంబు, మహాఫలంబు, విమలవ్యాసాలవాలంబునై
వెలయున్ భాగవతాఖ్య కల్పతరు వుర్విన్ సద్ద్విజశ్రేయమై.

హారికి, నందగోకుల విహారికిఁ జక్రసమీరదైత్య సం
హారికి, భక్త దుఃఖపరిహారికి, గోపనితంబినీ మనో
హారికి, దుష్టసంప దపహారికి, ఘోషకుటీపయోఘృతా
హారికి, బాలకగ్రహమహాసురదుర్వనితా ప్రహారికిన్.


శీలికి, నీతిశాలికి, వశీకృతశూలికి, బాణహస్తని
ర్మూలికి, ఘోరనీరదవిముక్తశిలాహత గోపగోపికా
పాలికి, వర్ణధర్మ పరిపాలికి, నర్జునభూజయుగ్మ సం
చాలికి, మాలికిన్, విపుల చక్రనిరుద్ధ మరీచిమాలికిన్.


క్షంతకుఁ గాళియోరగ విశాల ఫణోపరివర్తనక్రియా
రంతకు నుల్లసన్మగధరాజ చతుర్విధఘోర వాహినీ
హంతకు నింద్రనందననియంతకు, సర్వచరాచరావళీ
మంతకు, నిర్జితేంద్రియసమంచిత భక్తజనానుగంతకున్.


న్యాయికి, భూసురేంద్రమృతనందనదాయికి, రుక్మిణీమన
స్థ్సాయికి, భూతసమ్మదవిధాయికి, సాధుజనానురాగ సం
ధాయికిఁ బీతవస్త్రపరిధాయికిఁ బద్మభవాండభాండ ని
ర్మాయికి, గోపికానివహ మందిరయాయికి, శేషశాయికిన్.


శ్రీమంతమై మునిశ్రేష్ఠకృతంబైన; భాగవతంబు సద్భక్తితోడ
వినఁగోరువారల విమలచిత్తంబులఁ; జెచ్చెర నీశుండు చిక్కుఁ గాక
యితర శాస్త్రంబుల నీశుండు చిక్కునే; మంచివారలకు నిర్మత్సరులకుఁ
గపటనిర్ముక్తులై కాంక్షసేయక యిందుఁ; దగిలియుండుట మహాతత్త్వబుద్ధిఁ

బరఁగ నాధ్యాత్మికాది తాపత్రయంబు
నణఁచి పరమార్థభూతమై యఖిల సుఖద
మై సమస్తంబుఁగాకయు నయ్యునుండు
వస్తువెఱుఁగంగఁ దగుభాగవతమునందు.


వేదకల్పవృక్షవిగళితమై శుక
ముఖసుధాద్రవమున మొనసి యున్న
పదవిఁ గనుఁడు రసికభావవిదులు.

1-137 ధీరులు నిరపేక్షులు... (కందము).

ధీరులు నిరపేక్షులు నా
త్మారాములు నైన మునులు హరిభజనము ని
ష్కారణమ చేయుచుందురు
నారాయణుఁ డట్టి వాఁడు నవ్యచరిత్రా!


నిగమములు వేయుఁ జదివిన
సుగమంబులు గావు ముక్తి సుభగత్వంబుల్
సుగమంబు భాగవత మను
నిగమంబుఁ బఠింప ముక్తి నివసనము బుధా!


ఉద్రేకంబున రారు శస్త్రధరులై యుద్ధావనిన్ లేరు కిం
చిద్ద్రోహంబును నీకుఁ జేయరు బలోత్సేకంబుతోఁ జీఁకటిన్
భద్రాకారులఁ బిన్నపాఁపల రణప్రౌఢక్రియా హీనులన్
నిద్రాసక్తుల సంహరింప నకటా! నీ చేతు లెట్లాడెనో?


చెల్లెలి కోడల నీ మే
నల్లుఁడు శత్రువులచేత హతుఁడయ్యెను సం
భల్లాగ్ని నణంచి శిశువు బ్రతికింపఁగదే.

1-182 .

తన సేవారతిచింత గాని పరచింతాలేశమున్ లేని స
జ్జనులం బాండుతనూజులన్ మనుపు వాత్సల్యంబుతో ద్రోణనం
దను బ్రహ్మాస్త్రము నడ్డుపెట్టఁ బనిచెన్ దైత్యారి సర్వారి సా
ధన నిర్వక్రము రక్షితాఖిల సుధాంధశ్చక్రముం జక్రమున్.


సకలప్రాణిహృదంతరాళముల భాస్వజ్జ్యోతియై యుండు సూ
క్ష్మకళుం డచ్యుతుఁ డయ్యెడన్ విరటజా గర్భంబుఁ దాఁ జక్రహ
స్తకుఁడై వైష్ణవమాయఁ గప్పి కురు సంతానార్థియై యడ్డమై
ప్రకటస్ఫూర్తి నణంచె ద్రోణతనయబ్రహ్మాస్త్రమున్ లీలతోన్.


కోపముతోడ నీవు దధికుంభము భిన్నము సేయుచున్నచో
గోపికఁ ద్రాటఁ గట్టిన వికుంచిత సాంజన బాష్పతోయ ధా
రాపరిపూర్ణ వక్త్రముఁ గరంబులఁ బ్రాముచు వెచ్చనూర్చుచుం
బాపఁడవై నటించుట కృపాపర! నామదిఁ జోద్య మయ్యెడిన్.


యాదవు లందుఁ బాండుసుతులందు నధీశ్వర! నాకు మోహవి
చ్ఛేదము సేయుమయ్య! ఘనసింధువుఁ జేరెడి గంగభంగి నీ
పాదసరోజచింతనముపై ననిశంబు మదీయబుద్ధి న
త్యాదరవృత్తితోఁ గదియునట్లుగఁ జేయఁ గదయ్య! యీశ్వరా!


శ్రీకృష్ణా! యదుభూషణా! నరసఖా! శృంగార రత్నాకరా!
లోకద్రోహి నరేంద్రవంశ దహనా! లోకేశ్వరా! దేవతా
నీకబ్రాహ్మణ గోగణార్తి హరణా! నిర్వాణ సంధాయకా!
నీకున్ మ్రొక్కెదఁ ద్రుంపవే భవలతల్ నిత్యానుకంపానిధీ!


రాజఁట ధర్మజుండు, సురరాజ సుతుండట ధన్వి, శాత్రవో
ద్వేజకమైన గాండివము విల్లఁట, సారథి సర్వభద్ర సం
యోజకుఁడైన చక్రి యఁట, యుగ్ర గదాధరుఁడైన భీముఁ డ
య్యాజికిఁ దోడు వచ్చునఁట, యాపద గల్గుట యేమి చోద్యమో!


ఆలాపంబులు మాని చిత్తము మనీషాయత్తముం జేసి దృ
గ్జాలంబున్ హరిమోముపైఁ బఱపి తత్కారుణ్యదృష్టిన్ విని
ర్మూలీభూత శరవ్యధా నిచయుఁడై మోదించి భీష్ముండు సం
శీలం బొప్ప నుతించెఁ గల్మష గజశ్రేణీ హరిన్ శ్రీహరిన్.



త్రిజగన్మోహన నీలకాంతిఁ దను వుద్దీపింపఁ బ్రాభాత నీ
రజబంధుప్రభమైన చేలము పయిన్ రంజిల్ల నీలాలక
వ్రజ సంయుక్త ముఖారవింద మతిసేవ్యంబై విజృంభింప మా
విజయుం జేరెడు వన్నెలాఁడు మది నావేశించు నెల్లప్పుడున్.


హయ రింఖాముఖ ధూళిధూసర పరిన్యస్తాలకోపేతమై
రయజాతశ్రమతోయ బిందుయుతమై రాజిల్లు నెమ్మోముతో
జయముం బార్థున కిచ్చువేడ్క నని నాశస్త్రాహతిం జాల నొ
చ్చియుఁ బోరించు మహానుభావు మదిలోఁ జింతింతు నశ్రాంతమున్.


నరుమాటల్విని నవ్వుతో నుభయసేనా మధ్యమక్షోణిలో
బరు లీక్షింప రథంబు నిల్పి పర భూపాలావళిం జూపుచుం
బర భూపాయువు లెల్లఁ జూపులన శుంభత్కేళి వంచించు నీ
పరమేశుండు వెలుంగుచుండెడు మనః పద్మాసనాసీనుఁడై.

తనవారిఁ జంపఁ జాలక
వెనుకకుఁ బో నిచ్చగించు విజయుని శంకన్
ఘన యోగవిద్యఁ బాపిన
మునివంద్యుని పాదభక్తి మొనయున్ నాకున్.


కుప్పించి యెగసినఁ గుండలంబుల కాంతి; గగనభాగం బెల్లఁ గప్పికొనఁగ;
నుఱికిన నోర్వక యుదరంబులో నున్న; జగముల వ్రేఁగున జగతి గదలఁ;
జక్రంబుఁ జేపట్టి చనుదెంచు రయమునఁ; బైనున్న పచ్చని పటము జాఱ;
నమ్మితి నాలావు నగుఁబాటు సేయక; మన్నింపు మని క్రీడి మరలఁ దిగువఁ;

గరికి లంఘించు సింహంబుకరణి మెఱసి
"నేఁడు భీష్మునిఁ జంపుదు నిన్నుఁ గాతు
విడువు మర్జున" యనుచు మద్విశిఖవృష్టిఁ
దెరలి చనుదెంచుదేవుండు దిక్కునాకు.


తనకున్ భృత్యుఁడు వీనిఁ గాఁచుట మహాధర్మంబు వొమ్మంచు న
ర్జునసారథ్యము పూని పగ్గములు చేఁ జోద్యంబుగాఁ బట్టుచున్
మునికోలన్వడిఁ జూపి ఘోటకములన్మోదించి తాడించుచున్
జనులన్మోహము నొందఁజేయు పరమోత్సాహుం బ్రశంసించెదన్.


ఒక సూర్యుండు సమస్తజీవులకుఁ దా నొక్కొక్కఁడై తోఁచు పో
లిక నే దేవుఁడు సర్వకాలము మహాలీలన్ నిజోత్పన్న జ
న్యకదంబంబుల హృత్సరోరుహములన్ నానావి ధానూన రూ
పకుఁడై యొప్పుచునుండు నట్టి హరి నేఁ బ్రార్ఠింతు శుద్ధుండనై.

నీపాదాబ్జము బ్రహ్మపూజ్యము గదా! నీ సేవ సంసార సం
తాపధ్వంసిని యౌఁ గదా! సకలభద్రశ్రేణులం బ్రీతితో
నాపాదింతు గదా! ప్రపన్నులకుఁ గాలాధీశ! కాలంబు ని
ర్వ్యాపారంబు గదయ్య! చాలరు గదా! వర్ణింప బ్రహ్మాదులున్.

జలజాతాక్షుఁడు సూడ నొప్పె ధవళఛ్ఛత్రంబుతోఁ జామరం
బులతోఁ బుష్ప పిశంగ చేలములతో భూషామణిస్ఫీతుఁ డై
నలినీభాంధవుతో శశిధ్వయముతో నక్షత్రసంఘంబుతో
బలభిచ్ఛాపముతోఁ దటిల్లతికతో భాసిల్లు మేఘాకృతిన్.


అన్నా! ఫల్గున! భక్తవత్సలుఁడు, బ్రహ్మణ్యుండు, గోవిందుఁ డా
పన్నానీక శరణ్యుఁ డీశుఁడు, జగద్భద్రానుసంధాయి, శ్రీ
మన్నవ్యాంబుజ పత్రనేత్రుఁడు, సుధర్మామధ్య పీఠంబునం
దున్నాఁడా? బలభద్రుఁ గూడి సుఖియై యుత్సాహియై, ద్వారకన్.


మున్నుగ్రాటవిలో వరాహమునకై ముక్కంటితోఁ బోరుచో
సన్నాహంబునఁ గాలకేయుల వడిం జక్కాడుచోఁ బ్రాభవ
స్కన్నుండై చను కౌరవేంద్రు పనికై గంధర్వులం ద్రోలుచోఁ
గన్నీరెన్నడుఁ దేవు తండ్రి! చెపుమా! కల్యాణమే? చక్రికిన్.


మన సారథి, మన సచివుడు,
మన వియ్యము, మన సఖుండు, మన భాంధవుఁడున్,
మన విభుడు, గురుడు, దేవర,
మనలను దిగనాడి చనియె మనుజాధీశా!


ఇభజిద్వీర్య! మఖాభిషిక్తమగు నీ యిల్లాలి ధమ్మిల్లమున్
సభలో శాత్రవు లీడ్చినన్ ముడువకా చంద్రాస్య దుఃఖింపఁగా
నభయం బిచ్చి ప్రతిజ్ఞచేసి భవదీయారాతికాంతా శిరో
జ భరశ్రీలు హరింపఁడే? విధవలై సౌభాగ్యముల్ వీడఁగన్.


గురుభీష్మాదులు గూడి పన్నిన కురుక్షోణీశచక్రంబులో
గురుశక్తిన్ రథయంత యై నొగలపైఁ గూర్చుండి యా మేటి నా
శరముల్ వాఱక మున్న వారల బలోత్సాహాయు రుద్యోగ త
త్పరతల్ చూడ్కుల సంహరించె నమితోత్సాహంబు నా కిచ్చుచున్.


అటమటమయ్యె నా భజన మంతయు భూవర! నేఁడు చూడుమా
యిటువలె గారవించు జగదీశుఁడు గృష్ణుఁడు లేని పిమ్మటన్
బటుతర దేహలోభమునఁ బ్రాణము లున్నవి వెంటఁ బోక నేఁ
గటకట! పూర్వజన్మమునఁ గర్మము లెట్టివి చేసినాఁడనో?

ఉరుగాధీశ విషానలంబునకు మే నొప్పింతు శంకింప నీ
శ్వర సంకల్పము నేఁడు మానదు; భవిష్యజ్జన్మజన్మంబులన్
హరి చింతా రతియున్ హరిప్రణుతి భాషాకర్ణనాసక్తియున్
హరి పాదాంబుజ సేవయున్ గలుగ మీ రర్థిన్ బ్రసాదింపరే?




శ్రీమద్భాగవతం ద్వితీయ స్కంధం అష్టమాధ్యాయం

శ్రీమద్భాగవతం ద్వితీయ స్కంధం పదవ అధ్యాయం

Updated 2018 - 26 April

 19 October 2017, 11 April 2015